4QBT

Crystal structure of tyrosine bound human tyrosyl tRNA synthetase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A human tRNA synthetase is a potent PARP1-activating effector target for resveratrol.

Sajish, M.Schimmel, P.

(2014) Nature 519: 370-373

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14028
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Resveratrol is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects by initiating a stress response that induces survival genes. Because human tyrosyl transfer-RNA (tRNA) synthetase (TyrRS) transloca ...

    Resveratrol is reported to extend lifespan and provide cardio-neuro-protective, anti-diabetic, and anti-cancer effects by initiating a stress response that induces survival genes. Because human tyrosyl transfer-RNA (tRNA) synthetase (TyrRS) translocates to the nucleus under stress conditions, we considered the possibility that the tyrosine-like phenolic ring of resveratrol might fit into the active site pocket to effect a nuclear role. Here we present a 2.1 Å co-crystal structure of resveratrol bound to the active site of TyrRS. Resveratrol nullifies the catalytic activity and redirects TyrRS to a nuclear function, stimulating NAD(+)-dependent auto-poly-ADP-ribosylation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1). Downstream activation of key stress signalling pathways are causally connected to TyrRS-PARP1-NAD(+) collaboration. This collaboration is also demonstrated in the mouse, and is specifically blocked in vivo by a resveratrol-displacing tyrosyl adenylate analogue. In contrast to functionally diverse tRNA synthetase catalytic nulls created by alternative splicing events that ablate active sites, here a non-spliced TyrRS catalytic null reveals a new PARP1- and NAD(+)-dependent dimension to the physiological mechanism of resveratrol.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Laboratories for tRNA Synthetase Research, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.,1] The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Laboratories for tRNA Synthetase Research, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA [2] The Scripps Florida Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, Florida 33458, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic
A
372Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: YARS
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for P54577 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: YARS
Go to UniProtKB:  P54577
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
TYR
Query on TYR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TYROSINE
C9 H11 N O3
OUYCCCASQSFEME-QMMMGPOBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.1 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 75.251α = 90.00
b = 162.641β = 90.00
c = 35.422γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
CNSrefinement
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-12-24
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2015-01-14
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2015-03-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2019-07-17
    Type: Data collection, Refinement description