Weak protein-cationic co-ion interactions addressed by X-ray crystallography and mass spectrometry.Benas, P., Auzeil, N., Legrand, L., Brachet, F., Regazzetti, A., Ries-Kautt, M.
(2014) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 70: 2217-2231
- PubMed: 25084340
- DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714011304
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4NEB, 4NFV, 4NG8, 4NGI, 4NGJ, 4NGK, 4NGL, 4NGO, 4NGV, 4NGW, 4NGY, 4NGZ
- PubMed Abstract:
- Strong and specific effects of cations on lysozyme chloride solubility.
Benas, P.,Legrand, L.,Ries-Kautt, M.
(2002) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 58: 1582
The adsorption of Rb(+), Cs(+), Mn(2+), Co(2+) and Yb(3+) onto the positively charged hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) has been investigated by solving 13 X-ray structures of HEWL crystallized with their chlorides and by applying electrospray ionization ...
The adsorption of Rb(+), Cs(+), Mn(2+), Co(2+) and Yb(3+) onto the positively charged hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL) has been investigated by solving 13 X-ray structures of HEWL crystallized with their chlorides and by applying electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) first to dissolved protein crystals and then to the protein in buffered salt solutions. The number of bound cations follows the order Cs(+) < Mn(2+) ≃ Co(2+) < Yb(3+) at 293 K. HEWL binds less Rb(+) (qtot = 0.7) than Cs(+) (qtot = 3.9) at 100 K. Crystal flash-cooling drastically increases the binding of Cs(+), but poorly affects that of Yb(3+), suggesting different interactions. The addition of glycerol increases the number of bound Yb(3+) cations, but only slightly increases that of Rb(+). HEWL titrations with the same chlorides, followed by ESI-MS analysis, show that only about 10% of HEWL binds Cs(+) and about 40% binds 1-2 Yb(3+) cations, while the highest binding reaches 60-70% for protein binding 1-3 Mn(2+) or Co(2+) cations. The binding sites identified by X-ray crystallography show that the monovalent Rb(+) and Cs(+) preferentially bind to carbonyl groups, whereas the multivalent Mn(2+), Co(2+) and Yb(3+) interact with carboxylic groups. This work elucidates the basis of the effect of the Hofmeister cation series on protein solubility.
Laboratoire de Cristallographie et RMN Biologiques, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université Paris Descartes, UMR 8015 CNRS, 4 Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75270 Paris CEDEX 06, France.