4MLE

Human Glucokinase in Complex with Novel Amino Thiazole Activator


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Identification of a New Class of Glucokinase Activators through Structure-Based Design.

Hinklin, R.J.Boyd, S.A.Chicarelli, M.J.Condroski, K.R.Dewolf, W.E.Lee, P.A.Lee, W.Singh, A.Thomas, L.Voegtli, W.C.Williams, L.Aicher, T.D.

(2013) J.Med.Chem. 56: 7669-7678

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm401116k
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glucose flux through glucokinase (GK) controls insulin release from the pancreas in response to high glucose concentrations. Glucose flux through GK also contributes to reducing hepatic glucose output. Because many individuals with type 2 diabetes ap ...

    Glucose flux through glucokinase (GK) controls insulin release from the pancreas in response to high glucose concentrations. Glucose flux through GK also contributes to reducing hepatic glucose output. Because many individuals with type 2 diabetes appear to have an inadequacy or defect in one or both of these processes, compounds that can activate GK may serve as effective treatments for type 2 diabetes. Herein we report the identification and initial optimization of a novel series of allosteric glucokinase activators (GKAs). We discovered an initial thiazolylamino pyridine-based hit that was optimized using a structure-based design strategy and identified 26 as an early lead. Compound 26 demonstrated a good balance of in vitro potency and enzyme kinetic parameters and demonstrated blood glucose reductions in oral glucose tolerance tests in both C57BL/6J mice and high-fat fed Zucker diabetic fatty rats.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Array BioPharma , 3200 Walnut Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glucokinase
A
455Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GCK
EC: 2.7.1.2
Find proteins for P35557 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GCK
Go to UniProtKB:  P35557
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLC
Query on GLC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-D-GLUCOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
VO1
Query on VO1

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
3-(benzyloxy)-N-(4-methyl-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)pyridin-2-amine
C16 H15 N3 O S
LPJWCRSWBACCSH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
VO1EC50: 4940 nM (100) BINDINGDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.289 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • Space Group: P 65 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.320α = 90.00
b = 79.320β = 90.00
c = 320.210γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
CrystalCleardata collection
SCALAdata scaling
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2013-09-06 
  • Released Date: 2013-09-25 
  • Deposition Author(s): Voegtli, W.C.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-09-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-23
    Type: Database references