4KUM

Structure of LSD1-CoREST-Tetrahydrofolate complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of the histone lysine specific demethylase LSD1 complexed with tetrahydrofolate.

Luka, Z.Pakhomova, S.Loukachevitch, L.V.Calcutt, M.W.Newcomer, M.E.Wagner, C.

(2014) Protein Sci. 23: 993-998

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.2469

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • An important epigenetic modification is the methylation/demethylation of histone lysine residues. The first histone demethylase to be discovered was a lysine-specific demethylase 1, LSD1, a flavin containing enzyme which carries out the demethylation ...

    An important epigenetic modification is the methylation/demethylation of histone lysine residues. The first histone demethylase to be discovered was a lysine-specific demethylase 1, LSD1, a flavin containing enzyme which carries out the demethylation of di- and monomethyllysine 4 in histone H3. The removed methyl groups are oxidized to formaldehyde. This reaction is similar to those performed by dimethylglycine dehydrogenase and sarcosine dehydrogenase, in which protein-bound tetrahydrofolate (THF) was proposed to serve as an acceptor of the generated formaldehyde. We showed earlier that LSD1 binds THF with high affinity which suggests its possible participation in the histone demethylation reaction. In the cell, LSD1 interacts with co-repressor for repressor element 1 silencing transcription factor (CoREST). In order to elucidate the role of folate in the demethylating reaction we solved the crystal structure of the LSD1-CoREST-THF complex. In the complex, the folate-binding site is located in the active center in close proximity to flavin adenine dinucleotide. This position of the folate suggests that the bound THF accepts the formaldehyde generated in the course of histone demethylation to form 5,10-methylene-THF. We also show the formation of 5,10-methylene-THF during the course of the enzymatic reaction in the presence of THF by mass spectrometry. Production of this form of folate could act to prevent accumulation of potentially toxic formaldehyde in the cell. These studies suggest that folate may play a role in the epigenetic control of gene expression in addition to its traditional role in the transfer of one-carbon units in metabolism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, 37232.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Lysine-specific histone demethylase 1A
A
666Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KDM1A (AOF2, KDM1, KIAA0601, LSD1)
EC: 1.-.-.-
Find proteins for O60341 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: KDM1A
Go to UniProtKB:  O60341
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
REST corepressor 1
B
235Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RCOR1 (KIAA0071, RCOR)
Find proteins for Q9UKL0 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: RCOR1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UKL0
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
THG
Query on THG

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Download CCD File 
A
(6S)-5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROFOLATE
C19 H23 N7 O6
MSTNYGQPCMXVAQ-RYUDHWBXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 123.864α = 90.00
b = 179.371β = 90.00
c = 235.054γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-05-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-07-02
    Type: Database references