Structural basis for universal corrinoid recognition by the cobalamin transport protein haptocorrin.Furger, E., Frei, D.C., Schibli, R., Fischer, E., Prota, A.E.
(2013) J Biol Chem 288: 25466-25476
- PubMed: 23846701
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.483271
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Cobalamin (Cbl; vitamin B12) is an essential micronutrient synthesized only by bacteria. Mammals have developed a sophisticated uptake system to capture the vitamin from the diet. Cbl transport is mediated by three transport proteins: transcobalamin, int ...
Cobalamin (Cbl; vitamin B12) is an essential micronutrient synthesized only by bacteria. Mammals have developed a sophisticated uptake system to capture the vitamin from the diet. Cbl transport is mediated by three transport proteins: transcobalamin, intrinsic factor, and haptocorrin (HC). All three proteins have a similar overall structure but a different selectivity for corrinoids. Here, we present the crystal structures of human HC in complex with cyanocobalamin and cobinamide at 2.35 and 3.0 Å resolution, respectively. The structures reveal that many of the interactions with the corrin ring are conserved among the human Cbl transporters. However, the non-conserved residues Asn-120, Arg-357, and Asn-373 form distinct interactions allowing for stabilization of corrinoids other than Cbl. A central binding motif forms interactions with the e- and f-side chains of the corrin ring and is conserved in corrinoid-binding proteins of other species. In addition, the α- and β-domains of HC form several unique interdomain contacts and have a higher shape complementarity than those of intrinsic factor and transcobalamin. The stabilization of ligands by all of these interactions is reflected in higher melting temperatures of the protein-ligand complexes. Our structural analysis offers fundamental insights into the unique binding behavior of HC and completes the picture of Cbl interaction with its three transport proteins.
Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Zürich, Switzerland.