4K71

Crystal structure of a high affinity Human Serum Albumin variant bound to the Neonatal Fc Receptor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of an HSA/FcRn complex reveals recycling by competitive mimicry of HSA ligands at a pH-dependent hydrophobic interface.

Schmidt, M.M.Townson, S.A.Andreucci, A.J.King, B.M.Schirmer, E.B.Murillo, A.J.Dombrowski, C.Tisdale, A.W.Lowden, P.A.Masci, A.L.Kovalchin, J.T.Erbe, D.V.Wittrup, K.D.Furfine, E.S.Barnes, T.M.

(2013) Structure 21: 1966-1978

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2013.08.022

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The long circulating half-life of serum albumin, the most abundant protein in mammalian plasma, derives from pH-dependent endosomal salvage from degradation, mediated by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). Using yeast display, we identified human serum ...

    The long circulating half-life of serum albumin, the most abundant protein in mammalian plasma, derives from pH-dependent endosomal salvage from degradation, mediated by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). Using yeast display, we identified human serum albumin (HSA) variants with increased affinity for human FcRn at endosomal pH, enabling us to solve the crystal structure of a variant HSA/FcRn complex. We find an extensive, primarily hydrophobic interface stabilized by hydrogen-bonding networks involving protonated histidines internal to each protein. The interface features two key FcRn tryptophan side chains inserting into deep hydrophobic pockets on HSA that overlap albumin ligand binding sites. We find that fatty acids (FAs) compete with FcRn, revealing a clash between ligand binding and recycling, and that our high-affinity HSA variants have significantly increased circulating half-lives in mice and monkeys. These observations open the way for the creation of biotherapeutics with significantly improved pharmacokinetics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Eleven Biotherapeutics, Inc., Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Serum albumin
A, D
585Homo sapiensMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: ALB
Find proteins for P02768 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ALB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02768
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
IgG receptor FcRn large subunit p51
B, E
274Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: FCGRT (FCRN)
Find proteins for P55899 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: FCGRT
Go to UniProtKB:  P55899
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
C, F
99Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2M
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: B2M
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 127.893α = 90.00
b = 203.536β = 90.00
c = 100.561γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-10-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-02-05
    Type: Database references