4K09

Crystal structure of BbTX-II from Bothrops brazili venom


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.107 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural bases for a complete myotoxic mechanism: Crystal structures of two non-catalytic phospholipases A2-like from Bothrops brazili venom.

Fernandes, C.A.H.Comparetti, E.J.Borges, R.J.Huancahuire-Vega, S.Ponce-Soto, L.A.Marangoni, S.Soares, A.M.Fontes, M.R.M.

(2013) Biochim.Biophys.Acta 1834: 2772-2781

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2013.10.009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Bothrops brazili is a snake found in the forests of the Amazonian region whose commercial therapeutic anti-bothropic serum has low efficacy for local myotoxic effects, resulting in an important public health problem in this area. Catalytically inacti ...

    Bothrops brazili is a snake found in the forests of the Amazonian region whose commercial therapeutic anti-bothropic serum has low efficacy for local myotoxic effects, resulting in an important public health problem in this area. Catalytically inactive phospholipases A2-like (Lys49-PLA2s) are among the main components from Bothrops genus venoms and are capable of causing drastic myonecrosis. Several studies have shown that the C-terminal region of these toxins, which includes a variable combination of positively charged and hydrophobic residues, is responsible for their activity. In this work we describe the crystal structures of two Lys49-PLA2s (BbTX-II and MTX-II) from B. brazili venom and a comprehensive structural comparison with several Lys49-PLA2s. Based on these results, two independent sites of interaction were identified between protein and membrane which leads to the proposition of a new myotoxic mechanism for bothropic Lys49-PLA2s composed of five different steps. This proposition is able to fully explain the action of these toxins and may be useful to develop efficient inhibitors to complement the conventional antivenom administration.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dep. de Física e Biofísica, Instituto de Biociências, UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu and Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Toxinas, CNPq, Brazil.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
BbTX-II
A, B
121Bothrops braziliMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for I6L8L6 (Bothrops brazili)
Go to UniProtKB:  I6L8L6
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.107 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.437α = 90.00
b = 56.437β = 90.00
c = 129.080γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data reduction
AMoREphasing
MAR345dtbdata collection
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-11-27
    Type: Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary