4JAZ

Crystal structure of the complex between PPARgamma LBD and trans-resveratrol


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Resveratrol and Its Metabolites Bind to PPARs.

Calleri, E.Pochetti, G.Dossou, K.S.Laghezza, A.Montanari, R.Capelli, D.Prada, E.Loiodice, F.Massolini, G.Bernier, M.Moaddel, R.

(2014) Chembiochem 15: 1154-1160

  • DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201300754

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Resveratrol, a modulator of several signaling proteins, can exert off-target effects involving the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) transcription factors. However, evidence for the direct interaction between this polyphenol and PPARs ...

    Resveratrol, a modulator of several signaling proteins, can exert off-target effects involving the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) transcription factors. However, evidence for the direct interaction between this polyphenol and PPARs is lacking. Here, we addressed the hypothesis that resveratrol and its metabolites control aspects of PPAR transcriptional activity through direct interaction with PPARs. Bioaffinity chromatographic studies with the immobilized ligand-binding domains (LBDs) of PPARγ and PPARα and isothermal titration calorimetry allowed the binding affinities of resveratrol, resveratrol 3-O-glucuronide, resveratrol 4-O-glucuronide, and resveratrol 3-O-sulfate to both PPAR-LBDs to be determined. Interaction of resveratrol, resveratrol 3-O-glucuronide, and resveratrol 4-O-glucuronide with PPARγ-LBD occurred with binding affinities of 1.4, 1.1, and 0.8 μM, respectively, although only resveratrol bound to the PPARα-LBD with a binding affinity of 2.7 μM. Subsequently, X-ray crystallographic studies were carried out to characterize resveratrol binding to the PPARγ-LBD at the molecular level. The electron density map from the crystal structure of the complex between PPARγ-LBD and resveratrol revealed the presence of one molecule of resveratrol bound to the LBD of PPARγ, with the ligand occupying a position close to that of other known PPARγ ligands. Transactivation assays were also performed in HepG2 cells, with the results showing that resveratrol was not a PPAR agonist but instead was able to displace rosiglitazone from PPARγ and Wy-14643 from PPARα with IC50 values of (27.4±1.8) μM and (31.7±2.5) μM, respectively. We propose that resveratrol acts as a PPAR antagonist through its direct interaction with PPARγ and PPARα.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dipartimento di Scienze del Farmaco, Università degli Studi di Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
A, B
287Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PPARG (NR1C3)
Find proteins for P37231 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PPARG
Go to UniProtKB:  P37231
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
STL
Query on STL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
RESVERATROL
C14 H12 O3
LUKBXSAWLPMMSZ-OWOJBTEDSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.264 
  • R-Value Work: 0.237 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 93.720α = 90.00
b = 63.380β = 102.90
c = 119.760γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
CNSrefinement
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-02-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-04
    Type: Database references