Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC14 H12 O3
Molecular Weight228.24
Isomeric SMILESOc1ccc(\C=C\c2cc(O)cc(O)c2)cc1

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count29
Chiral Atom Count0
Chiral Atomsn/a
Bond Count30
Aromatic Bond Count12
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB02709 Different stereochemistry
  • experimental
  • investigational
DescriptionResveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a polyphenolic phytoalexin. It is a stilbenoid, a derivate of stilbene, and is produced in plants with the help of the enzyme stilbene synthase. It exists as two structural isomers: cis-(Z) and trans-(E), with the trans-isomer shown in the top image. The trans- form can undergo isomerisation to the cis- form when heated or exposed to ultraviolet irradiation. In a 2004 issue of Science, Dr. Sinclair of Harvard University said resveratrol is not an easy molecule to protect from oxidation. It has been claimed that it is readily degraded by exposure to light, heat, and oxygen. However, studies find that Trans-resveratrol undergoes negligible oxidation in normal atmosphere at room temperature.
  • (E)-5-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl)-1,3-benzenediol(E)-5-(2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl)-1,3-benzenediol
  • (E)-resveratrol
  • 3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene
  • 3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene
  • 3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene
Brand NamesCo-veratrol
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationBeing investigated for the treatment of Herpes labialis infections (cold sores).
PharmacologyResveratrol, a phytoalexin, has been found to inhibit herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) replication in a dose-dependent, reversible manner, although this is only one of its many pharmaceutical properties. In some countries where there is higher consumption of red wine, there appears to be a lower incidence of heart disease. Other benefits of resveratrol include its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In preclinical studies, Resveratrol has been found to have potential anticancer properties.
Mechanism of actionResveratrol suppresses NF-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activation in HSV infected cells. Reports have indicated that HSV activates NF-kappaB during productive infection and this may be an essential aspect of its replication scheme [PMID: 9705914].
Route of administrationOral
  • Analgesics
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
CAS number501-36-0
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682