4ITG

P113S mutant of E. coli Cystathionine beta-lyase MetC


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.74 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanistic and Evolutionary Insights from the Reciprocal Promiscuity of Two Pyridoxal Phosphate-dependent Enzymes.

Soo, V.W.Yosaatmadja, Y.Squire, C.J.Patrick, W.M.

(2016) J Biol Chem 291: 19873-19887

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M116.739557
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4ITG, 4ITX, 4WR3, 4XBJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Enzymes that utilize the cofactor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate play essential roles in amino acid metabolism in all organisms. The cofactor is used by proteins that adopt at least five different folds, which raises questions about the evolutionary processes that might explain the observed distribution of functions among folds ...

    Enzymes that utilize the cofactor pyridoxal 5'-phosphate play essential roles in amino acid metabolism in all organisms. The cofactor is used by proteins that adopt at least five different folds, which raises questions about the evolutionary processes that might explain the observed distribution of functions among folds. In this study, we show that a representative of fold type III, the Escherichia coli alanine racemase (ALR), is a promiscuous cystathionine β-lyase (CBL). Furthermore, E. coli CBL (fold type I) is a promiscuous alanine racemase. A single round of error-prone PCR and selection yielded variant ALR(Y274F), which catalyzes cystathionine β-elimination with a near-native Michaelis constant (Km = 3.3 mm) but a poor turnover number (kcat ≈10 h(-1)). In contrast, directed evolution also yielded CBL(P113S), which catalyzes l-alanine racemization with a poor Km (58 mm) but a high kcat (22 s(-1)). The structures of both variants were solved in the presence and absence of the l-alanine analogue, (R)-1-aminoethylphosphonic acid. As expected, the ALR active site was enlarged by the Y274F substitution, allowing better access for cystathionine. More surprisingly, the favorable kinetic parameters of CBL(P113S) appear to result from optimizing the pKa of Tyr-111, which acts as the catalytic acid during l-alanine racemization. Our data emphasize the short mutational routes between the functions of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes, regardless of whether or not they share the same fold. Thus, they confound the prevailing model of enzyme evolution, which predicts that overlapping patterns of promiscuity result from sharing a common multifunctional ancestor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Department of Biochemistry, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand wayne.patrick@otago.ac.nz.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Cystathionine beta-lyase MetCA, B395Escherichia coli K-12Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: b3008JW2975metC
EC: 4.4.1.8 (PDB Primary Data), 4.4.1.13 (UniProt), 4.4.1.28 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P06721 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P06721 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06721
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP06721
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EPE
Query on EPE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
4-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-1-PIPERAZINE ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C8 H18 N2 O4 S
JKMHFZQWWAIEOD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
LLP
Query on LLP
A, B L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC14 H22 N3 O7 PLYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.74 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.162 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 59.926α = 90
b = 152.769β = 90
c = 150.848γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345dtbdata collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2021-09-22
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations