4HV8

Crystal Structure of H2Db-H155A-NPM6I


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Preemptive priming readily overcomes structure-based mechanisms of virus escape.

Valkenburg, S.A.Gras, S.Guillonneau, C.Hatton, L.A.Bird, N.A.Twist, K.A.Halim, H.Jackson, D.C.Purcell, A.W.Turner, S.J.Doherty, P.C.Rossjohn, J.Kedzierska, K.

(2013) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110: 5570-5575

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1302935110
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4HUU, 4HUV, 4HUW, 4HV8, 4HUX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A reverse-genetics approach has been used to probe the mechanism underlying immune escape for influenza A virus-specific CD8(+) T cells responding to the immunodominant D(b)NP366 epitope. Engineered viruses with a substitution at a critical residue ( ...

    A reverse-genetics approach has been used to probe the mechanism underlying immune escape for influenza A virus-specific CD8(+) T cells responding to the immunodominant D(b)NP366 epitope. Engineered viruses with a substitution at a critical residue (position 6, P6M) all evaded recognition by WT D(b)NP366-specific CD8(+) T cells, but only the NPM6I and NPM6T mutants altered the topography of a key residue (His155) in the MHC class I binding site. Following infection with the engineered NPM6I and NPM6T influenza viruses, both mutations were associated with a substantial "hole" in the naïve T-cell receptor repertoire, characterized by very limited T-cell receptor diversity and minimal primary responses to the NPM6I and NPM6T epitopes. Surprisingly, following respiratory challenge with a serologically distinct influenza virus carrying the same mutation, preemptive immunization against these escape variants led to the generation of secondary CD8(+) T-cell responses that were comparable in magnitude to those found for the WT NP epitope. Consequently, it might be possible to generate broadly protective T-cell immunity against commonly occurring virus escape mutants. If this is generally true for RNA viruses (like HIV, hepatitis C virus, and influenza) that show high mutation rates, priming against predicted mutants before an initial encounter could function to prevent the emergence of escape variants in infected hosts. That process could be a step toward preserving immune control of particularly persistent RNA viruses and may be worth considering for future vaccine strategies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
H-2 class I histocompatibility antigen, D-B alpha chainAC281Mus musculusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: H2-D1
Find proteins for P01899 (Mus musculus)
Explore P01899 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01899
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-2-microglobulinBD100Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2m
Find proteins for P01887 (Mus musculus)
Explore P01887 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01887
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
IMPC  MGI:88127
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NPM6I variant peptideEF9N/AMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q5Q157 (Influenza A virus)
Explore Q5Q157 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5Q157
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.183 
  • Space Group: P 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 83.92α = 90
b = 72.93β = 103.11
c = 86.38γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing
BUSTER-TNTrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
Blu-Icedata collection
BUSTERrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-03-27
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-04-24
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-15
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description