4HUX

Crystal Structure of H2Db-H155A-NP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Preemptive priming readily overcomes structure-based mechanisms of virus escape.

Valkenburg, S.A.Gras, S.Guillonneau, C.Hatton, L.A.Bird, N.A.Twist, K.A.Halim, H.Jackson, D.C.Purcell, A.W.Turner, S.J.Doherty, P.C.Rossjohn, J.Kedzierska, K.

(2013) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 110: 5570-5575

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1302935110
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4HUU, 4HUV, 4HUW, 4HV8

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A reverse-genetics approach has been used to probe the mechanism underlying immune escape for influenza A virus-specific CD8(+) T cells responding to the immunodominant D(b)NP366 epitope. Engineered viruses with a substitution at a critical residue ( ...

    A reverse-genetics approach has been used to probe the mechanism underlying immune escape for influenza A virus-specific CD8(+) T cells responding to the immunodominant D(b)NP366 epitope. Engineered viruses with a substitution at a critical residue (position 6, P6M) all evaded recognition by WT D(b)NP366-specific CD8(+) T cells, but only the NPM6I and NPM6T mutants altered the topography of a key residue (His155) in the MHC class I binding site. Following infection with the engineered NPM6I and NPM6T influenza viruses, both mutations were associated with a substantial "hole" in the naïve T-cell receptor repertoire, characterized by very limited T-cell receptor diversity and minimal primary responses to the NPM6I and NPM6T epitopes. Surprisingly, following respiratory challenge with a serologically distinct influenza virus carrying the same mutation, preemptive immunization against these escape variants led to the generation of secondary CD8(+) T-cell responses that were comparable in magnitude to those found for the WT NP epitope. Consequently, it might be possible to generate broadly protective T-cell immunity against commonly occurring virus escape mutants. If this is generally true for RNA viruses (like HIV, hepatitis C virus, and influenza) that show high mutation rates, priming against predicted mutants before an initial encounter could function to prevent the emergence of escape variants in infected hosts. That process could be a step toward preserving immune control of particularly persistent RNA viruses and may be worth considering for future vaccine strategies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
H-2 class I histocompatibility antigen, D-B alpha chain
A
280Mus musculusGene Names: H2-D1
Find proteins for P01899 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01899
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
B
99Mus musculusGene Names: B2m
Find proteins for P01887 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P01887
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NP peptide
C
9Influenza A virus (A/swine/Korea/S452/2004(H9N2))Gene Names: NP
Find proteins for Q5Q157 (Influenza A virus (A/swine/Korea/S452/2004(H9N2)))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5Q157
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.237 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 92.330α = 90.00
b = 111.390β = 122.72
c = 58.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
Blu-Icedata collection
BUSTERrefinement
BUSTER-TNTrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-03-27
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-04-24
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-15
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description