4GBM

Sulfotransferase Domain from the Curacin Biosynthetic Pathway


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.182 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of functional group activation by sulfotransferases in complex metabolic pathways.

McCarthy, J.G.Eisman, E.B.Kulkarni, S.Gerwick, L.Gerwick, W.H.Wipf, P.Sherman, D.H.Smith, J.L.

(2012) Acs Chem.Biol. 7: 1994-2003

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb300385m
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Sulfated molecules with diverse functions are common in biology, but sulfonation as a method to activate a metabolite for chemical catalysis is rare. Catalytic activity was characterized and crystal structures were determined for two such "activating ...

    Sulfated molecules with diverse functions are common in biology, but sulfonation as a method to activate a metabolite for chemical catalysis is rare. Catalytic activity was characterized and crystal structures were determined for two such "activating" sulfotransferases (STs) that sulfonate β-hydroxyacyl thioester substrates. The CurM polyketide synthase (PKS) ST domain from the curacin A biosynthetic pathway of Moorea producens and the olefin synthase (OLS) ST from a hydrocarbon-producing system of Synechococcus PCC 7002 both occur as a unique acyl carrier protein (ACP), ST, and thioesterase (TE) tridomain within a larger polypeptide. During pathway termination, these cyanobacterial systems introduce a terminal double bond into the β-hydroxyacyl-ACP-linked substrate by the combined action of the ST and TE. Under in vitro conditions, CurM PKS ST and OLS ST acted on β-hydroxy fatty acyl-ACP substrates; however, OLS ST was not reactive toward analogues of the natural PKS ST substrate bearing a C5-methoxy substituent. The crystal structures of CurM ST and OLS ST revealed that they are members of a distinct protein family relative to other prokaryotic and eukaryotic sulfotransferases. A common binding site for the sulfonate donor 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate was visualized in complexes with the product 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphate. Critical functions for several conserved amino acids in the active site were confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis, including a proposed glutamate catalytic base. A dynamic active-site flap unique to the "activating" ST family affects substrate selectivity and product formation, based on the activities of chimeras of the PKS and OLS STs with exchanged active-site flaps.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Life Sciences Institute and Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CurM Sulfotransferase
A
323Moorea producens 3LMutation(s): 2 
Find proteins for F4Y423 (Moorea producens 3L)
Go to UniProtKB:  F4Y423
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
A3P
Query on A3P

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Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-3'-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
WHTCPDAXWFLDIH-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
P6G
Query on P6G

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A
HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG400
C12 H26 O7
IIRDTKBZINWQAW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.62 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.182 
  • R-Value Work: 0.158 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 45.856α = 90.00
b = 67.299β = 90.00
c = 118.016γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
RESOLVEphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-02
    Type: Database references