4FNK

Crystal structure of the A/Hong Kong/1/1968 (H3N2) influenza virus hemagglutinin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.189 
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.163 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Cross-neutralization of influenza A viruses mediated by a single antibody loop.

Ekiert, D.C.Kashyap, A.K.Steel, J.Rubrum, A.Bhabha, G.Khayat, R.Lee, J.H.Dillon, M.A.O'Neil, R.E.Faynboym, A.M.Horowitz, M.Horowitz, L.Ward, A.B.Palese, P.Webby, R.Lerner, R.A.Bhatt, R.R.Wilson, I.A.

(2012) Nature 489: 526-532

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11414
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4FNL, 4FNK, 4FP8, 4FQR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Immune recognition of protein antigens relies on the combined interaction of multiple antibody loops, which provide a fairly large footprint and constrain the size and shape of protein surfaces that can be targeted. Single protein loops can mediate extremely high-affinity binding, but it is unclear whether such a mechanism is available to antibodies ...

    Immune recognition of protein antigens relies on the combined interaction of multiple antibody loops, which provide a fairly large footprint and constrain the size and shape of protein surfaces that can be targeted. Single protein loops can mediate extremely high-affinity binding, but it is unclear whether such a mechanism is available to antibodies. Here we report the isolation and characterization of an antibody called C05, which neutralizes strains from multiple subtypes of influenza A virus, including H1, H2 and H3. X-ray and electron microscopy structures show that C05 recognizes conserved elements of the receptor-binding site on the haemagglutinin surface glycoprotein. Recognition of the haemagglutinin receptor-binding site is dominated by a single heavy-chain complementarity-determining region 3 loop, with minor contacts from heavy-chain complementarity-determining region 1, and is sufficient to achieve nanomolar binding with a minimal footprint. Thus, binding predominantly with a single loop can allow antibodies to target small, conserved functional sites on otherwise hypervariable antigens.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hemagglutinin HA1 chainA, C, E323Influenza A virus (A/Hong Kong/1/1968(H3N2))Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q91MA7 (Influenza A virus (strain A/Hong Kong/1/1968 H3N2))
Explore Q91MA7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91MA7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hemagglutinin HA2 chainB, D, F174Influenza A virus (A/Hong Kong/1/1968(H3N2))Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q91MA7 (Influenza A virus (strain A/Hong Kong/1/1968 H3N2))
Explore Q91MA7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91MA7
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

Help

Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseG4 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseH, I, J, L, M, O2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseK3 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-[alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-6)]beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseN5 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
CA [auth F], P [auth A], Q [auth A], R [auth A], T [auth B], Y [auth E], Z [auth E]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
AA [auth E], DA [auth F], S [auth A], U [auth B], W [auth D], X [auth D]SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
BA [auth E], V [auth C]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.189 
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.163 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 105.149α = 90
b = 151.458β = 90
c = 347.751γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
Blu-Icedata collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-10-03
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-10-10
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Structure summary