4FFN

PylC in complex with D-ornithine and AMPPNP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid pyrrolysine: structure and reaction mechanism of PylC at 1.5A resolution.

Quitterer, F.List, A.Beck, P.Bacher, A.Groll, M.

(2012) J.Mol.Biol. 424: 270-282

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2012.09.007
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The second step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid pyrrolysine (Pyl) is catalyzed by PylC that forms the pseudopeptide L-lysine-N(ε)-3R-methyl-D-ornithine. Here, we present six crystal structures of the monomeric active li ...

    The second step in the biosynthesis of the 22nd genetically encoded amino acid pyrrolysine (Pyl) is catalyzed by PylC that forms the pseudopeptide L-lysine-N(ε)-3R-methyl-D-ornithine. Here, we present six crystal structures of the monomeric active ligase in complex with substrates, reaction intermediates, and products including ATP, the non-hydrolyzable ATP analogue 5'-adenylyl-β-γ-imidodiphosphate, ADP, D-ornithine (D-Orn), L-lysine (Lys), phosphorylated D-Orn, L-lysine-N(ε)-D-ornithine, inorganic phosphate, carbonate, and Mg(2+). The overall structure of PylC reveals similarities to the superfamily of ATP-grasp enzymes; however, there exist unique structural and functional features for a topological control of successive substrate entry and product release. Furthermore, the presented high-resolution structures provide detailed insights into the reaction mechanism of isopeptide bond formation starting with phosphorylation of D-Orn by transfer of a phosphate moiety from activated ATP. The binding of Lys to the enzyme complex is then followed by an S(N)2 reaction resulting in L-lysine-N(ε)-D-ornithine and inorganic phosphate. Surprisingly, PylC harbors two adenine nucleotides bound at the active site, what has not been observed in any ATP-grasp protein analyzed to date. Whereas one ATP molecule is involved in catalysis, the second adenine nucleotide functions as a selective anchor for the C- and N-terminus of the Lys substrate and is responsible for protein stability as shown by mutagenesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Integrated Protein Science at the Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Garching D-85747, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PylC
A
363Methanosarcina barkeri (strain Fusaro / DSM 804)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q46E79 (Methanosarcina barkeri (strain Fusaro / DSM 804))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q46E79
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ANP
Query on ANP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ORD
Query on ORD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
D-ORNITHINE
C5 H12 N2 O2
AHLPHDHHMVZTML-SCSAIBSYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 60.150α = 90.00
b = 60.150β = 90.00
c = 172.530γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-03-27
    Type: Database references