4E0K

Crystal Structure of the amyloid-fibril forming peptide KDWSFY derived from human Beta 2 Microglobulin (58-63)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 0.97 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.131 
  • R-Value Work: 0.112 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Out-of-register beta-sheets suggest a pathway to toxic amyloid aggregates.

Liu, C.Zhao, M.Jiang, L.Cheng, P.N.Park, J.Sawaya, M.R.Pensalfini, A.Gou, D.Berk, A.J.Glabe, C.G.Nowick, J.Eisenberg, D.

(2012) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 109: 20913-20918

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218792109
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Although aberrant protein aggregation has been conclusively linked to dozens of devastating amyloid diseases, scientists remain puzzled about the molecular features that render amyloid fibrils or small oligomers toxic. Here, we report a previously un ...

    Although aberrant protein aggregation has been conclusively linked to dozens of devastating amyloid diseases, scientists remain puzzled about the molecular features that render amyloid fibrils or small oligomers toxic. Here, we report a previously unobserved type of amyloid fibril that tests as cytotoxic: one in which the strands of the contributing β-sheets are out of register. In all amyloid fibrils previously characterized at the molecular level, only in-register β-sheets have been observed, in which each strand makes its full complement of hydrogen bonds with the strands above and below it in the fibril. In out-of-register sheets, strands are sheared relative to one another, leaving dangling hydrogen bonds. Based on this finding, we designed out-of-register β-sheet amyloid mimics, which form both cylindrin-like oligomers and fibrils, and these mimics are cytotoxic. Structural and energetic considerations suggest that out-of-register fibrils can readily convert to toxic cylindrins. We propose that out-of-register β-sheets and their related cylindrins are part of a toxic amyloid pathway, which is distinct from the more energetically favored in-register amyloid pathway.


    Organizational Affiliation

    UCLA-DOE Institute for Genomics and Proteomics, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Molecular Biology Institute and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Amyloidogenic peptide segment KDWSFY
A, B, C, D
6Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2M
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: B2M
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PE4
Query on PE4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, C
2-{2-[2-(2-{2-[2-(2-ETHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG4000
C16 H34 O8
PJWQOENWHPEPKI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 0.97 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.131 
  • R-Value Work: 0.112 
  • Space Group: P 61
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 62.370α = 90.00
b = 62.370β = 90.00
c = 11.730γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-12-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-06-19
    Type: Database references