4DY7

Crystal structures of protease nexin-1 in complex with S195A thrombin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structures of protease nexin-1 in complex with heparin and thrombin suggest a 2-step recognition mechanism.

Li, W.Huntington, J.A.

(2012) Blood 120: 459-467

  • DOI: 10.1182/blood-2012-03-415869
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protease nexin-1 (PN1) is a specific and extremely efficient inhibitor of thrombin. However, unlike other thrombin inhibitors belonging to the serpin family, PN1 is not synthesized in the liver and does not circulate in the blood. Rather, PN1 is expr ...

    Protease nexin-1 (PN1) is a specific and extremely efficient inhibitor of thrombin. However, unlike other thrombin inhibitors belonging to the serpin family, PN1 is not synthesized in the liver and does not circulate in the blood. Rather, PN1 is expressed by multiple cell types, including macrophages, smooth muscle cells, and platelets, and it is on the surface of these cells, bound to glycosaminoglycans, that PN1 inhibits the signaling functions of thrombin. PN1 sets the threshold for thrombin-induced platelet activation and has been implicated in atherosclerosis. However, in spite of the emerging importance of PN1 in thrombosis and atherosclerosis, little is know about how it associates to cells and how it inhibits thrombin at rates that surpass the diffusion limit. To address these issues, we determined the crystal structures of PN1 in complex with heparin, and in complex with catalytically inert thrombin. The crystal structures suggest a unique 2-step mechanism of thrombin recognition involving rapid electrostatics-driven association to form an initial glycosaminoglycan-bridged complex, followed by a large conformational rearrangement to form the productive Michaelis complex.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, United Kingdom. wl225@cam.ac.uk




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin light chain
A, D
49Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin heavy chain
B, E
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glia-derived nexin
C, F
379Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SERPINE2 (PI7, PN1)
Find proteins for P07093 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SERPINE2
Go to UniProtKB:  P07093
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, F
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 191.960α = 90.00
b = 86.670β = 94.44
c = 101.890γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
DNAdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-08-15
    Type: Initial release