4DXQ

Crystal Structure of a reconstructed Kaede-type Red Fluorescent Protein, LEA Q38A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Acid-Base Catalysis and Crystal Structures of a Least Evolved Ancestral GFP-like Protein Undergoing Green-to-Red Photoconversion.

Kim, H.Grunkemeyer, T.J.Modi, C.Chen, L.Fromme, R.Matz, M.V.Wachter, R.M.

(2013) Biochemistry 52: 8048-8059

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi401000e
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4DXN, 4GOB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent proteins, a three-ring chromophore is generated by the light-activated incorporation of a histidine residue into the conjugated π-system. We have determined the pH-rate profile and high- and low-pH X-ray s ...

    In green-to-red photoconvertible fluorescent proteins, a three-ring chromophore is generated by the light-activated incorporation of a histidine residue into the conjugated π-system. We have determined the pH-rate profile and high- and low-pH X-ray structures of a least evolved ancestor (LEA) protein constructed in the laboratory based on statistical sequence analysis. LEA incorporates the minimal number of substitutions necessary and sufficient for facile color conversion and exhibits a maximal photoconversion quantum yield of 0.0015 at pH 6.1. The rate measurements provide a bell-shaped curve, indicating that the reaction is controlled by the two apparent pKa values, 4.5 ± 0.2 and 7.5 ± 0.2, flanking the chromophore pKa of 6.3 ± 0.1. These data demonstrate that the photoconversion rate of LEA is not proportional to the A-form of the GFP-like chromophore, as previously reported for Kaede-type proteins. We propose that the observed proton dissociation constants arise from the internal quadrupolar charge network consisting of Glu222, His203, Glu148, and Arg69. Increased active site flexibility may facilitate twisting of the chromophore upon photoexcitation, thereby disrupting the charge network and activating the Glu222 carboxylate for the abstraction of a proton from a carbon acid. Subsequently, the proton may be delivered to the Phe64 carbonyl by a hydrogen-bonded network involving Gln42 or by means of His65 side chain rotations promoted by protein breathing motions. A structural comparison of LEA with the nonphotoconvertible LEA-Q42A variant supports a role for Gln42 either in catalysis or in the coplanar preorganization of the green chromophore with the His65 imidazole ring.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University , Tempe, Arizona 85287, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LEA Q38A GFP-LIKE PROTEINS
A
230N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
CR8
Query on CR8
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC17 H16 N5 O4HIS, TYR, GLY
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.236 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 49.990α = 90.00
b = 81.140β = 90.00
c = 117.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
CrystalCleardata collection
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2012-02-27 
  • Released Date: 2013-02-27 
  • Deposition Author(s): Kim, H., Wachter, R.M.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-30
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-12-04
    Type: Database references