4DVA

The crystal structure of human urokinase-type plasminogen activator catalytic domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Rezymogenation of active urokinase induced by an inhibitory antibody

Jiang, L.Botkjaer, K.A.Andersen, L.M.Yuan, C.Andreasen, P.A.Huang, M.

(2013) Biochem.J. 449: 161-166

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20121132
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • An important regulatory mechanism of serine proteases is the proteolytic conversion of the inactive pro-enzyme, or zymogen, into the active enzyme. This activation process is generally considered an irreversible process. In the present study, we demo ...

    An important regulatory mechanism of serine proteases is the proteolytic conversion of the inactive pro-enzyme, or zymogen, into the active enzyme. This activation process is generally considered an irreversible process. In the present study, we demonstrate that an active enzyme can be converted back into its zymogen form. We determined the crystal structure of uPA (urokinase-type plasminogen activator) in complex with an inhibitory antibody, revealing that the antibody 'rezymogenizes' already activated uPA. The present study demonstrates a new regulatory mechanism of protease activity, which is also an extreme case of protein allostery. Mechanistically, the antibody binds a single surface-exposed loop, named the autolysis loop, thereby preventing the stabilization of uPA in its active conformation. We argue that this autolysis loop is a key structural element for rezymogenation of other proteases, and will be a new target site for pharmacological intervention with serine protease activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 155 Yang Qiao West Road, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350002, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator
U
246Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: PLAU
EC: 3.4.21.73
Find proteins for P00749 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PLAU
Go to UniProtKB:  P00749
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
U
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
P6G
Query on P6G

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
U
HEXAETHYLENE GLYCOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG400
C12 H26 O7
IIRDTKBZINWQAW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 121.281α = 90.00
b = 121.281β = 90.00
c = 42.806γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
AMoREphasing
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-01-16
    Type: Initial release