4DT7

Crystal structure of thrombin bound to the activation domain QEDQVDPRLIDGKMTRRGDS of protein C


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Exposure of R169 controls protein C activation and autoactivation.

Pozzi, N.Barranco-Medina, S.Chen, Z.Di Cera, E.

(2012) Blood 120: 664-670

  • DOI: 10.1182/blood-2012-03-415323
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4DT7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein C is activated by thrombin with a value of k(cat)/K(m) = 0.11mM(-1)s(-1) that increases 1700-fold in the presence of the cofactor thrombomodulin. The molecular origin of this effect triggering an important feedback loop in the coagulation cas ...

    Protein C is activated by thrombin with a value of k(cat)/K(m) = 0.11mM(-1)s(-1) that increases 1700-fold in the presence of the cofactor thrombomodulin. The molecular origin of this effect triggering an important feedback loop in the coagulation cascade remains elusive. Acidic residues in the activation domain of protein C are thought to electrostatically clash with the active site of thrombin. However, functional and structural data reported here support an alternative scenario. The thrombin precursor prethrombin-2 has R15 at the site of activation in ionic interaction with E14e, D14l, and E18, instead of being exposed to solvent for proteolytic attack. Residues E160, D167, and D172 around the site of activation at R169 of protein C occupy the same positions as E14e, D14l, and E18 in prethrombin-2. Caging of R169 by E160, D167, and D172 is responsible for much of the poor activity of thrombin toward protein C. The E160A/D167A/D172A mutant is activated by thrombin 63-fold faster than wild-type in the absence of thrombomodulin and, over a slower time scale, spontaneously converts to activated protein C. These findings establish a new paradigm for cofactor-assisted reactions in the coagulation cascade.


    Related Citations: 
    • Molecular dissection of Na+ binding to thrombin
      Pineda, A.O., Carrell, C.J., Bush, L.A., Prasad, S., Caccia, S., Chen, Z.W., Mahews, F.S., Di Cera, E.
      (2004) J Biol Chem 279: 31842

    Organizational Affiliation

    Edward A Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, St Louis University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin light chainAC32Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2Human
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin heavy chainBD259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: F2Human
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Vitamin K-dependent protein CEF20Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PROC
EC: 3.4.21.69
Find proteins for P04070 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04070 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04070
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P04070
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PEG
Query on PEG

Download CCD File 
B
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
B, D
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
B, D
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.176 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 46.395α = 90
b = 84.272β = 94.59
c = 66.363γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-05-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-08-15
    Changes: Database references