4DQB

Crystal Structure of wild-type HIV-1 Protease in Complex with DRV


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Hydrophobic core flexibility modulates enzyme activity in HIV-1 protease.

Mittal, S.Cai, Y.Nalam, M.N.Bolon, D.N.Schiffer, C.A.

(2012) J.Am.Chem.Soc. 134: 4163-4168

  • DOI: 10.1021/ja2095766
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human immunodeficiency virus Type-1 (HIV-1) protease is crucial for viral maturation and infectivity. Studies of protease dynamics suggest that the rearrangement of the hydrophobic core is essential for enzyme activity. Many mutations in the hydropho ...

    Human immunodeficiency virus Type-1 (HIV-1) protease is crucial for viral maturation and infectivity. Studies of protease dynamics suggest that the rearrangement of the hydrophobic core is essential for enzyme activity. Many mutations in the hydrophobic core are also associated with drug resistance and may modulate the core flexibility. To test the role of flexibility in protease activity, pairs of cysteines were introduced at the interfaces of flexible regions remote from the active site. Disulfide bond formation was confirmed by crystal structures and by alkylation of free cysteines and mass spectrometry. Oxidized and reduced crystal structures of these variants show the overall structure of the protease is retained. However, cross-linking the cysteines led to drastic loss in enzyme activity, which was regained upon reducing the disulfide cross-links. Molecular dynamics simulations showed that altered dynamics propagated throughout the enzyme from the engineered disulfide. Thus, altered flexibility within the hydrophobic core can modulate HIV-1 protease activity, supporting the hypothesis that drug resistant mutations distal from the active site can alter the balance between substrate turnover and inhibitor binding by modulating enzyme activity.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aspartyl protease
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype DMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P12499 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype D)
Go to UniProtKB:  P12499
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DMS
Query on DMS

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Download CCD File 
B
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
C2 H6 O S
IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
017
Query on 017

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Download CCD File 
B
(3R,3AS,6AR)-HEXAHYDROFURO[2,3-B]FURAN-3-YL(1S,2R)-3-[[(4-AMINOPHENYL)SULFONYL](ISOBUTYL)AMINO]-1-BENZYL-2-HYDROXYPROPYLCARBAMATE
Darunavir, TMC114, UIC-94017
C27 H37 N3 O7 S
CJBJHOAVZSMMDJ-HEXNFIEUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.169 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.937α = 90.00
b = 57.750β = 90.00
c = 61.577γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
AMoREphasing
HKL-2000data collection
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-03-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-05-02
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-15
    Type: Advisory, Refinement description