4DLO

Crystal structure of the GAIN and HormR domains of brain angiogenesis inhibitor 3 (BAI3)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A novel evolutionarily conserved domain of cell-adhesion GPCRs mediates autoproteolysis.

Arac, D.Boucard, A.A.Bolliger, M.F.Nguyen, J.Soltis, S.M.Sudhof, T.C.Brunger, A.T.

(2012) Embo J. 31: 1364-1378

  • DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2012.26
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) Proteolysis Site (GPS) of cell-adhesion GPCRs and polycystic kidney disease (PKD) proteins constitutes a highly conserved autoproteolysis sequence, but its catalytic mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that ...

    The G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) Proteolysis Site (GPS) of cell-adhesion GPCRs and polycystic kidney disease (PKD) proteins constitutes a highly conserved autoproteolysis sequence, but its catalytic mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that unexpectedly the ∼40-residue GPS motif represents an integral part of a much larger ∼320-residue domain that we termed GPCR-Autoproteolysis INducing (GAIN) domain. Crystal structures of GAIN domains from two distantly related cell-adhesion GPCRs revealed a conserved novel fold in which the GPS motif forms five β-strands that are tightly integrated into the overall GAIN domain. The GAIN domain is evolutionarily conserved from tetrahymena to mammals, is the only extracellular domain shared by all human cell-adhesion GPCRs and PKD proteins, and is the locus of multiple human disease mutations. Functionally, the GAIN domain is both necessary and sufficient for autoproteolysis, suggesting an autoproteolytic mechanism whereby the overall GAIN domain fine-tunes the chemical environment in the GPS to catalyse peptide bond hydrolysis. Thus, the GAIN domain embodies a unique, evolutionarily ancient and widespread autoproteolytic fold whose function is likely relevant for GPCR signalling and for multiple human diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford, CA, USA. demeta@stanford.edu




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Brain-specific angiogenesis inhibitor 3
A, B
382Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ADGRB3 (BAI3, KIAA0550)
Find proteins for O60242 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ADGRB3
Go to UniProtKB:  O60242
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FUL
Query on FUL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
BETA-L-FUCOSE
6-DEOXY-BETA-L-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-KGJVWPDLSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 123.364α = 90.00
b = 128.008β = 90.00
c = 160.320γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SHARPphasing
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-02-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-04-04
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-07-16
    Type: Refinement description