4CYE

Crystal structure of avian FAK FERM domain FAK31-405 at 3.2A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.176 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Bisphosphate Triggers Activation of Focal Adhesion Kinase by Inducing Clustering and Conformational Changes.

Goni, G.M.Epifano, C.Boskovic, J.Camacho-Artacho, M.Zhou, J.Bronowska, A.Martin, M.T.Eck, M.J.Kremer, L.Grater, F.Gervasio, F.L.Perez-Moreno, M.Lietha, D.

(2014) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111: E3177

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1317022111
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CYE, 3ZDT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase (NRTK) with key roles in integrating growth and cell matrix adhesion signals, and FAK is a major driver of invasion and metastasis in cancer. Cell adhesion via integrin receptors is well known to trigger FAK signaling, and many of the players involved are known; however, mechanistically, FAK activation is not understood ...

    Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase (NRTK) with key roles in integrating growth and cell matrix adhesion signals, and FAK is a major driver of invasion and metastasis in cancer. Cell adhesion via integrin receptors is well known to trigger FAK signaling, and many of the players involved are known; however, mechanistically, FAK activation is not understood. Here, using a multidisciplinary approach, including biochemical, biophysical, structural, computational, and cell biology approaches, we provide a detailed view of a multistep activation mechanism of FAK initiated by phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]. Interestingly, the mechanism differs from canonical NRTK activation and is tailored to the dual catalytic and scaffolding function of FAK. We find PI(4,5)P2 induces clustering of FAK on the lipid bilayer by binding a basic region in the regulatory 4.1, ezrin, radixin, moesin homology (FERM) domain. In these clusters, PI(4,5)P2 induces a partially open FAK conformation where the autophosphorylation site is exposed, facilitating efficient autophosphorylation and subsequent Src recruitment. However, PI(4,5)P2 does not release autoinhibitory interactions; rather, Src phosphorylation of the activation loop in FAK results in release of the FERM/kinase tether and full catalytic activation. We propose that PI(4,5)P2 and its generation in focal adhesions by the enzyme phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase type Iγ are important in linking integrin signaling to FAK activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Structural Biology and Biocomputing Program and dlietha@cnio.es.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
FOCAL ADHESION KINASE 1A, B375Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PTK2FAKFAK1
EC: 2.7.10.2
UniProt
Find proteins for Q00944 (Gallus gallus)
Explore Q00944 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q00944
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.240 
  • R-Value Work: 0.173 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.176 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 43.934α = 90
b = 146.128β = 96.98
c = 69.052γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-04-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-07-30
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-08-20
    Changes: Database references