4BX5

cis-divalent streptavidin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.431 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Plug-and-Play Pairing Via Defined Divalent Streptavidins.

Fairhead, M.Krndija, D.Lowe, E.D.Howarth, M.

(2014) J.Mol.Biol. 426: 199

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.09.016
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Streptavidin is one of the most important hubs for molecular biology, either multimerizing biomolecules, bridging one molecule to another, or anchoring to a biotinylated surface/nanoparticle. Streptavidin has the advantage of rapid ultra-stable bindi ...

    Streptavidin is one of the most important hubs for molecular biology, either multimerizing biomolecules, bridging one molecule to another, or anchoring to a biotinylated surface/nanoparticle. Streptavidin has the advantage of rapid ultra-stable binding to biotin. However, the ability of streptavidin to bind four biotinylated molecules in a heterogeneous manner is often limiting. Here, we present an efficient approach to isolate streptavidin tetramers with two biotin-binding sites in a precise arrangement, cis or trans. We genetically modified specific subunits with negatively charged tags, refolded a mixture of monomers, and used ion-exchange chromatography to resolve tetramers according to the number and orientation of tags. We solved the crystal structures of cis-divalent streptavidin to 1.4Å resolution and trans-divalent streptavidin to 1.6Å resolution, validating the isolation strategy and explaining the behavior of the Dead streptavidin variant. cis- and trans-divalent streptavidins retained tetravalent streptavidin's high thermostability and low off-rate. These defined divalent streptavidins enabled us to uncover how streptavidin binding depends on the nature of the biotin ligand. Biotinylated DNA showed strong negative cooperativity of binding to cis-divalent but not trans-divalent streptavidin. A small biotinylated protein bound readily to cis and trans binding sites. We also solved the structure of trans-divalent streptavidin bound to biotin-4-fluorescein, showing how one ligand obstructs binding to an adjacent biotin-binding site. Using a hexaglutamate tag proved a more powerful way to isolate monovalent streptavidin, for ultra-stable labeling without undesired clustering. These forms of streptavidin allow this key hub to be used with a new level of precision, for homogeneous molecular assembly.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QU, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
STREPTAVIDIN
A, C
138Streptomyces avidiniiMutation(s): 3 
Find proteins for P22629 (Streptomyces avidinii)
Go to UniProtKB:  P22629
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
STREPTAVIDIN
B, D
127Streptomyces avidiniiMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P22629 (Streptomyces avidinii)
Go to UniProtKB:  P22629
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
EDO
Query on EDO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.431 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.187 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 46.220α = 90.00
b = 84.240β = 98.81
c = 58.250γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XSCALEdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-09-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-10-09
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-01-15
    Type: Database references