4BBS

Structure of an initially transcribing RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 

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Literature

Structure and Function of the Initially Transcribing RNA Polymerase II-TFIIB Complex

Sainsbury, S.Niesser, J.Cramer, P.

(2013) Nature 493: 437

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11715
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4BBR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The general transcription factor (TF) IIB is required for RNA polymerase (Pol) II initiation and extends with its B-reader element into the Pol II active centre cleft. Low-resolution structures of the Pol II-TFIIB complex indicated how TFIIB function ...

    The general transcription factor (TF) IIB is required for RNA polymerase (Pol) II initiation and extends with its B-reader element into the Pol II active centre cleft. Low-resolution structures of the Pol II-TFIIB complex indicated how TFIIB functions in DNA recruitment, but they lacked nucleic acids and half of the B-reader, leaving other TFIIB functions enigmatic. Here we report crystal structures of the Pol II-TFIIB complex from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae at 3.4 Å resolution and of an initially transcribing complex that additionally contains the DNA template and a 6-nucleotide RNA product. The structures reveal the entire B-reader and protein-nucleic acid interactions, and together with functional data lead to a more complete understanding of transcription initiation. TFIIB partially closes the polymerase cleft to position DNA and assist in its opening. The B-reader does not reach the active site but binds the DNA template strand upstream to assist in the recognition of the initiator sequence and in positioning the transcription start site. TFIIB rearranges active-site residues, induces binding of the catalytic metal ion B, and stimulates initial RNA synthesis allosterically. TFIIB then prevents the emerging DNA-RNA hybrid duplex from tilting, which would impair RNA synthesis. When the RNA grows beyond 6 nucleotides, it is separated from DNA and is directed to its exit tunnel by the B-reader loop. Once the RNA grows to 12-13 nucleotides, it clashes with TFIIB, triggering TFIIB displacement and elongation complex formation. Similar mechanisms may underlie all cellular transcription because all eukaryotic and archaeal RNA polymerases use TFIIB-like factors, and the bacterial initiation factor sigma has TFIIB-like topology and contains the loop region 3.2 that resembles the B-reader loop in location, charge and function. TFIIB and its counterparts may thus account for the two fundamental properties that distinguish RNA from DNA polymerases: primer-independent chain initiation and product separation from the template.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Gene Center and Department of Biochemistry, Center for Integrated Protein Science CIPSM, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, 81377 Munich, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB1
A
1733Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO21 (RPB1, RPB220, SUA8)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P04050 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P04050
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB2
B
1224Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB2 (RPB150, RPO22)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P08518 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P08518
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB3
C
318Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB3
Find proteins for P16370 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P16370
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB4
D
221Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB4
Find proteins for P20433 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20433
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III SUBUNIT RPABC 1
E
215Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB5 (RPA7, RPC9)
Find proteins for P20434 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20434
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III SUBUNIT RPABC 2
F
155Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO26 (RPB6)
Find proteins for P20435 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20435
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB7
G
171Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB7
Find proteins for P34087 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P34087
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III SUBUNIT RPABC 3
H
146Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB8
Find proteins for P20436 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20436
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB9
I
122Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB9
Find proteins for P27999 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P27999
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III SUBUNIT RPABC 5
J
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB10
Find proteins for P22139 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P22139
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II SUBUNIT RPB11
K
120Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB11
Find proteins for P38902 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P38902
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III SUBUNIT RPABC 4
L
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPC10 (RPB12)
Find proteins for P40422 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40422
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
TRANSCRIPTION INITIATION FACTOR IIB
M
345Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: SUA7
Find proteins for P29055 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P29055
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*GP*GP*CP*AP*CP*AP*AP*CP*TP*GP*CP*GP*CP*TP)-3'N14Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*AP*UP*AP*UP*CP*AP)-3'P6Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*AP*GP*CP*GP*CP*AP*GP*TP*TP*GP*TP*GP*CP*TP *AP*TP*GP*AP*TP*AP*TP*TP*TP*TP*TP*AP*TP)-3'T27Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C, I, J, L, M
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.225 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 222.170α = 90.00
b = 386.010β = 90.00
c = 254.470γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-11-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-30
    Type: Database references