4A23

Mus musculus Acetylcholinesterase in complex with racemic C5685


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Targeting Acetylcholinesterase: Identification of Chemical Leads by High Throughput Screening, Structure Determination and Molecular Modeling.

Berg, L.Andersson, C.D.Artursson, E.Hornberg, A.Tunemalm, A.K.Linusson, A.Ekstrom, F.

(2011) Plos One 6: 26039

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026039
  • Also Cited By: 4ARA, 4ARB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an essential enzyme that terminates cholinergic transmission by rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Compounds inhibiting this enzyme can be used (inter alia) to treat cholinergic deficiencies (e.g. i ...

    Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an essential enzyme that terminates cholinergic transmission by rapid hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Compounds inhibiting this enzyme can be used (inter alia) to treat cholinergic deficiencies (e.g. in Alzheimer's disease), but may also act as dangerous toxins (e.g. nerve agents such as sarin). Treatment of nerve agent poisoning involves use of antidotes, small molecules capable of reactivating AChE. We have screened a collection of organic molecules to assess their ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of AChE, aiming to find lead compounds for further optimization leading to drugs with increased efficacy and/or decreased side effects. 124 inhibitors were discovered, with considerable chemical diversity regarding size, polarity, flexibility and charge distribution. An extensive structure determination campaign resulted in a set of crystal structures of protein-ligand complexes. Overall, the ligands have substantial interactions with the peripheral anionic site of AChE, and the majority form additional interactions with the catalytic site (CAS). Reproduction of the bioactive conformation of six of the ligands using molecular docking simulations required modification of the default parameter settings of the docking software. The results show that docking-assisted structure-based design of AChE inhibitors is challenging and requires crystallographic support to obtain reliable results, at least with currently available software. The complex formed between C5685 and Mus musculus AChE (C5685•mAChE) is a representative structure for the general binding mode of the determined structures. The CAS binding part of C5685 could not be structurally determined due to a disordered electron density map and the developed docking protocol was used to predict the binding modes of this part of the molecule. We believe that chemical modifications of our discovered inhibitors, biochemical and biophysical characterization, crystallography and computational chemistry provide a route to novel AChE inhibitors and reactivators.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ACETYLCHOLINESTERASE
A, B
548Mus musculusGene Names: Ache
EC: 3.1.1.7
Find proteins for P21836 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P21836
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PE4
Query on PE4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
2-{2-[2-(2-{2-[2-(2-ETHOXY-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHOXY)-ETHOXY]-ETHOXY}-ETHANOL
POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL PEG4000
C16 H34 O8
PJWQOENWHPEPKI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
C56
Query on C56

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Download CCD File 
A, B
4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)-N-{[(2R)-1-ETHYLPYRROLIDIN-2-YL]METHYL}-2-METHOXY-5-NITROBENZAMIDE
C17 H26 N4 O4
AFNPLUMDSLEAPD-GFCCVEGCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
C57
Query on C57

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
4-(DIMETHYLAMINO)-N-{[(2S)-1-ETHYLPYRROLIDIN-2-YL]METHYL}-2-METHOXY-5-NITROBENZAMIDE
C17 H26 N4 O4
AFNPLUMDSLEAPD-LBPRGKRZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
C56IC50: 1300 nM BINDINGMOAD
C57IC50: 1300 nM BINDINGMOAD
C56IC50: 1300 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.209 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.923α = 90.00
b = 111.828β = 90.00
c = 226.999γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-12-28
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-17
    Type: Data collection