3GXY

Crystal structure of cyanovirin-n complexed to a synthetic hexamannoside


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structures of the complexes of a potent anti-HIV protein cyanovirin-n and high mannose oligosaccharides

Botos, I.O'Keefe, B.R.Shenoy, S.R.Cartner, L.K.Ratner, D.M.Seeberger, P.H.Boyd, M.R.Wlodawer, A.

(2002) J Biol Chem 277: 34336-34342

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M205909200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The development of anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) microbicides for either topical or ex vivo use is of considerable interest, mainly due to the difficulties in creating a vaccine that would be active against multiple clades of HIV. Cyanovirin-N (CV-N), an 11-kDa protein from the cyanobacterium (blue-green algae) Nostoc ellipsosporum with potent virucidal activity, was identified in the search for such antiviral agents ...

    The development of anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) microbicides for either topical or ex vivo use is of considerable interest, mainly due to the difficulties in creating a vaccine that would be active against multiple clades of HIV. Cyanovirin-N (CV-N), an 11-kDa protein from the cyanobacterium (blue-green algae) Nostoc ellipsosporum with potent virucidal activity, was identified in the search for such antiviral agents. The binding of CV-N to the heavily glycosylated HIV envelope protein gp120 is carbohydrate-dependent. Since previous CV-N-dimannose structures could not fully explain CV-N-oligomannose binding, we determined the crystal structures of recombinant CV-N complexed to Man-9 and a synthetic hexamannoside, at 2.5- and 2.4-A resolution, respectively. CV-N is a three-dimensional domain-swapped dimer in the crystal structures with two primary sites near the hinge region and two secondary sites on the opposite ends of the dimer. The binding interface is constituted of three stacked alpha1-->2-linked mannose rings for Man-9 and two stacked mannose rings for hexamannoside with the rest of the saccharide molecules pointing to the solution. These structures show unequivocally the binding geometry of high mannose sugars to CV-N, permitting a better understanding of carbohydrate binding to this potential new lead for the design of drugs against AIDS.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Macromolecular Crystallography Laboratory, National Cancer Institute/National Institutes of Health, MCL Building 536, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Cyanovirin-NA, B101Nostoc ellipsosporumMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P81180 (Nostoc ellipsosporum)
Explore P81180 
Go to UniProtKB:  P81180
Protein Feature View
 ( Mouse scroll to zoom / Hold left click to move )
  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-2)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-pentyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside
C, D
3 N/A N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NHE
Query on NHE

Download CCD File 
A
2-[N-CYCLOHEXYLAMINO]ETHANE SULFONIC ACID
C8 H17 N O3 S
MKWKNSIESPFAQN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download CCD File 
A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.271 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 61.352α = 90
b = 61.352β = 90
c = 147.568γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-05-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary