Molecular mechanism underlying promiscuous polyamine recognition by spermidine acetyltransferaseSugiyama, S., Ishikawa, S., Tomitori, H., Niiyama, M., Hirose, M., Miyazaki, Y., Higashi, K., Murata, M., Adachi, H., Takano, K., Murakami, S., Inoue, T., Mori, Y., Kashiwagi, K., Igarashi, K., Matsumura, H.
(2016) Int.J.Biochem.Cell Biol. 76: 87-97
- PubMed: 27163532
- DOI: 10.1016/j.biocel.2016.05.003
- PubMed Abstract:
Spermidine acetyltransferase (SAT) from Escherichia coli, which catalyses the transfer of acetyl groups from acetyl-CoA to spermidine, is a key enzyme in controlling polyamine levels in prokaryotic cells. In this study, we determined the crystal stru ...
Spermidine acetyltransferase (SAT) from Escherichia coli, which catalyses the transfer of acetyl groups from acetyl-CoA to spermidine, is a key enzyme in controlling polyamine levels in prokaryotic cells. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of SAT in complex with spermidine (SPD) and CoA at 2.5Å resolution. SAT is a dodecamer organized as a hexamer of dimers. The secondary structural element and folding topology of the SAT dimer resemble those of spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT), suggesting an evolutionary link between SAT and SSAT. However, the polyamine specificity of SAT is distinct from that of SSAT and is promiscuous. The SPD molecule is also located at the inter-dimer interface. The distance between SPD and CoA molecules is 13Å. A deep, highly acidic, water-filled cavity encompasses the SPD and CoA binding sites. Structure-based mutagenesis and in-vitro assays identified SPD-bound residues, and the acidic residues lining the walls of the cavity are mostly essential for enzymatic activities. Based on mutagenesis and structural data, we propose an acetylation mechanism underlying promiscuous polyamine recognition for SAT.
Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan; JST, ERATO, Lipid Active Structure Project, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.