3VPD

LysX from Thermus thermophilus complexed with AMP-PNP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Lysine and arginine biosyntheses mediated by a common carrier protein in Sulfolobus.

Ouchi, T.Tomita, T.Horie, A.Yoshida, A.Takahashi, K.Nishida, H.Lassak, K.Taka, H.Mineki, R.Fujimura, T.Kosono, S.Nishiyama, C.Masui, R.Kuramitsu, S.Albers, S.V.Kuzuyama, T.Nishiyama, M.

(2013) Nat Chem Biol 9: 277-283

  • DOI: 10.1038/nchembio.1200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3VPB, 3VPC, 3VPD

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • LysW has been identified as a carrier protein in the lysine biosynthetic pathway that is active through the conversion of α-aminoadipate (AAA) to lysine. In this study, we found that the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, not only ...

    LysW has been identified as a carrier protein in the lysine biosynthetic pathway that is active through the conversion of α-aminoadipate (AAA) to lysine. In this study, we found that the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus acidocaldarius, not only biosynthesizes lysine through LysW-mediated protection of AAA but also uses LysW to protect the amino group of glutamate in arginine biosynthesis. In this archaeon, after LysW modification, AAA and glutamate are converted to lysine and ornithine, respectively, by a single set of enzymes with dual functions. The crystal structure of ArgX, the enzyme responsible for modification and protection of the amino moiety of glutamate with LysW, was determined in complex with LysW. Structural comparison and enzymatic characterization using Sulfolobus LysX, Sulfolobus ArgX and Thermus LysX identify the amino acid motif responsible for substrate discrimination between AAA and glutamate. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that gene duplication events at different stages of evolution led to ArgX and LysX.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biotechnology Research Center, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Ribosomal protein S6 modification proteinA, B281Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: lysXrimK
EC: 6.3.2 (PDB Primary Data), 6.3.2.43 (UniProt)
Find proteins for Q5SH23 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Explore Q5SH23 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SH23
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ANP
Query on ANP

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CIT
Query on CIT

Download CCD File 
A
CITRIC ACID
C6 H8 O7
KRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BUA
Query on BUA

Download CCD File 
A, B
BUTANOIC ACID
C4 H8 O2
FERIUCNNQQJTOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.198 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 130.339α = 90
b = 130.339β = 90
c = 77.423γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-31
    Changes: Database references