3S11

Crystal structure of H5N1 influenza virus hemagglutinin, strain 437-10


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Acid stability of the hemagglutinin protein regulates H5N1 influenza virus pathogenicity.

DuBois, R.M.Zaraket, H.Reddivari, M.Heath, R.J.White, S.W.Russell, C.J.

(2011) Plos Pathog. 7: e1002398-e1002398

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002398
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5N1 subtype continue to threaten agriculture and human health. Here, we use biochemistry and x-ray crystallography to reveal how amino-acid variations in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein contribute to t ...

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5N1 subtype continue to threaten agriculture and human health. Here, we use biochemistry and x-ray crystallography to reveal how amino-acid variations in the hemagglutinin (HA) protein contribute to the pathogenicity of H5N1 influenza virus in chickens. HA proteins from highly pathogenic (HP) A/chicken/Hong Kong/YU562/2001 and moderately pathogenic (MP) A/goose/Hong Kong/437-10/1999 isolates of H5N1 were found to be expressed and cleaved in similar amounts, and both proteins had similar receptor-binding properties. However, amino-acid variations at positions 104 and 115 in the vestigial esterase sub-domain of the HA1 receptor-binding domain (RBD) were found to modulate the pH of HA activation such that the HP and MP HA proteins are activated for membrane fusion at pH 5.7 and 5.3, respectively. In general, an increase in H5N1 pathogenicity in chickens was found to correlate with an increase in the pH of HA activation for mutant and chimeric HA proteins in the observed range of pH 5.2 to 6.0. We determined a crystal structure of the MP HA protein at 2.50 Å resolution and two structures of HP HA at 2.95 and 3.10 Å resolution. Residues 104 and 115 that modulate the acid stability of the HA protein are situated at the N- and C-termini of the 110-helix in the vestigial esterase sub-domain, which interacts with the B loop of the HA2 stalk domain. Interactions between the 110-helix and the stalk domain appear to be important in regulating HA protein acid stability, which in turn modulates influenza virus replication and pathogenesis. Overall, an optimal activation pH of the HA protein is found to be necessary for high pathogenicity by H5N1 influenza virus in avian species.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee United States of America.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Hemagglutinin HA1 chain
A, C, E
331Influenza A virus (strain A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 H5N1 genotype Gs/Gd)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q9Q0U6 (Influenza A virus (strain A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 H5N1 genotype Gs/Gd))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Q0U6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Hemagglutinin HA2 chain
B, D, F
182Influenza A virus (strain A/Duck/Hong Kong/2986.1/2000 H5N1 genotype C)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HA
Find proteins for Q8QPL1 (Influenza A virus (strain A/Duck/Hong Kong/2986.1/2000 H5N1 genotype C))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8QPL1
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
C
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TAM
Query on TAM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TRIS(HYDROXYETHYL)AMINOMETHANE
C7 H17 N O3
GKODZWOPPOTFGA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.221 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 69.365α = 90.00
b = 241.054β = 116.69
c = 70.061γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection
PHASERphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-03-28
    Type: Database references