3RNM

The crystal structure of the subunit binding of human dihydrolipoamide transacylase (E2b) bound to human dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural and Thermodynamic Basis for Weak Interactions between Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase and Subunit-binding Domain of the Branched-chain {alpha}-Ketoacid Dehydrogenase Complex.

Brautigam, C.A.Wynn, R.M.Chuang, J.L.Naik, M.T.Young, B.B.Huang, T.H.Chuang, D.T.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 23476-23488

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.202960
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3RNM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The purified mammalian branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDC), which catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain α-keto acids, is essentially devoid of the constituent dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase component (E3). The abse ...

    The purified mammalian branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex (BCKDC), which catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of branched-chain α-keto acids, is essentially devoid of the constituent dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase component (E3). The absence of E3 is associated with the low affinity of the subunit-binding domain of human BCKDC (hSBDb) for hE3. In this work, sequence alignments of hSBDb with the E3-binding domain (E3BD) of the mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex show that hSBDb has an arginine at position 118, where E3BD features an asparagine. Substitution of Arg-118 with an asparagine increases the binding affinity of the R118N hSBDb variant (designated hSBDb*) for hE3 by nearly 2 orders of magnitude. The enthalpy of the binding reaction changes from endothermic with the wild-type hSBDb to exothermic with the hSBDb* variant. This higher affinity interaction allowed the determination of the crystal structure of the hE3/hSBDb* complex to 2.4-Å resolution. The structure showed that the presence of Arg-118 poses a unique, possibly steric and/or electrostatic incompatibility that could impede E3 interactions with the wild-type hSBDb. Compared with the E3/E3BD structure, the hE3/hSBDb* structure has a smaller interfacial area. Solution NMR data corroborated the interactions of hE3 with Arg-118 and Asn-118 in wild-type hSBDb and mutant hSBDb*, respectively. The NMR results also showed that the interface between hSBDb and hE3 does not change significantly from hSBDb to hSBDb*. Taken together, our results represent a starting point for explaining the long standing enigma that the E2b core of the BCKDC binds E3 far more weakly relative to other α-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA. chad.brautigam@utsouthwestern.edu



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase, mitochondrial ABCD495Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DLDGCSLLADPHE3
EC: 1.8.1.4
Find proteins for P09622 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09622 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09622
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P09622
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Lipoamide acyltransferase component of branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrial EF58Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: DBTBCATE2
EC: 2.3.1.168
Find proteins for P11182 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P11182 
Go to UniProtKB:  P11182
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P11182
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 84.136α = 90
b = 112.308β = 91.4
c = 122.545γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SBC-Collectdata collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-3000data reduction
HKL-3000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-20
    Changes: Database references