3REA

HIV-1 Nef protein in complex with engineered Hck-SH3 domain


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Molecular design, functional characterization and structural basis of a protein inhibitor against the HIV-1 pathogenicity factor Nef.

Breuer, S.Schievink, S.I.Schulte, A.Blankenfeldt, W.Fackler, O.T.Geyer, M.

(2011) PLoS ONE 6: e20033-e20033

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020033
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Increased spread of HIV-1 and rapid emergence of drug resistance warrants development of novel antiviral strategies. Nef, a critical viral pathogenicity factor that interacts with host cell factors but lacks enzymatic activity, is not targeted by cur ...

    Increased spread of HIV-1 and rapid emergence of drug resistance warrants development of novel antiviral strategies. Nef, a critical viral pathogenicity factor that interacts with host cell factors but lacks enzymatic activity, is not targeted by current antiviral measures. Here we inhibit Nef function by simultaneously blocking several highly conserved protein interaction surfaces. This strategy, referred to as "wrapping Nef", is based on structure-function analyses that led to the identification of four target sites: (i) SH3 domain interaction, (ii) interference with protein transport processes, (iii) CD4 binding and (iv) targeting to lipid membranes. Screening combinations of Nef-interacting domains, we developed a series of small Nef interacting proteins (NIs) composed of an SH3 domain optimized for binding to Nef, fused to a sequence motif of the CD4 cytoplasmic tail and combined with a prenylation signal for membrane association. NIs bind to Nef in the low nM affinity range, associate with Nef in human cells and specifically interfere with key biological activities of Nef. Structure determination of the Nef-inhibitor complex reveals the molecular basis for binding specificity. These results establish Nef-NI interfaces as promising leads for the development of potent Nef inhibitors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Medizinische und Pharmazeutische Chemie, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China.,Laboratório de Espectrometria de Massa, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil. Electronic address: carlos.bloch@embrapa.br.,Gorlaeus Laboratories , Leiden Institute of Chemistry and Netherlands Proteomics Centre , Einsteinweg 55 , 2333 CC Leiden , Netherlands.,Department of Molecular and Systems Biology and Norris Cotton Cancer Center , Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth , 1 Medical Centre Drive HB7936 , Lebanon , New Hampshire 03756 , United States.,Center of Pharmaceutical Engeneering (PVZ), Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Collaborative Innovation Center of New Drug Research and Safety Evaluation, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China.,Center for Plant Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, 02792, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: eunice@kist.re.kr.,College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China.,Department of Biochemistry and the Emory Comprehensive Glycomics Core, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.,Institute of Biochemistry, University of Cologne, 50674 Koeln, Germany.,Center for RNA Research, Institute for Basic Science, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,ManRos Therapeutics, Hôtel de Recherche, Centre de Perharidy, Roscoff, France.,Olema Pharmaceuticals, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA. leslie@olemapharma.com.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,RIKEN Center for Biosystems Dynamics Research, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan. kurumizaka@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp shunichi.sekine@riken.jp.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-6059, USA. blackbe@pennmedicine.upenn.edu.,Center for Integrated Protein Science at the Department Chemie, Lehrstuhl für Biochemie , Technische Universität München , 85748 Garching , Germany.,Tetramer Core, BRI at Virginia Mason, Seattle, WA, USA.,Translational Research Program, BRI at Virginia Mason, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Pharmacology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,Department of Chemistry , University of Florence , Via della Lastruccia 3 , 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence , Italy.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. kuangty@ibcas.ac.cn.,Molecular Biophysics and Integrated Bioimaging, Berkeley Center for Structural Biology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA.,Structural Biology Group, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CS 40220, F-38043, Grenoble, France. christoph.mueller_dieckmann@esrf.fr.,Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCar), São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.,Instituto de Química, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil; Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO), Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.,Division of Structural Biology, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Iwate Medical University, Yahaba, Japan.,Ben May Department for Cancer Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA. sfanning@uchicago.edu.,Olema Pharmaceuticals, San Francisco, CA, 94107, USA.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Republic of Korea ygkim76@postech.ac.kr.,Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.,Structural Biology Group, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, CS 40220, F-38043, Grenoble, France.,Department of Structural Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Kyungbuk, 37673, Republic of Korea.,Takeda California, Inc. , 10410 Science Center Drive , San Diego , California 92121 , United States.,Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. vprasad@bcm.edu.,Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, 02792, Republic of Korea.,Université de Lorraine, INRA, IAM, Nancy, France. eric.gelhaye@univ-lorraine.fr.,Department of Chemistry, University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstr. 7, 45117, Essen, Germany.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Ben May Department for Cancer Research, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. qinj@ccf.org.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada. john.pascal@umontreal.ca.,High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085, India.,Department of Molecular Cardiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA. qinj@ccf.org.,Graduate School of Innovative Life Science , University of Toyama , 2630 Sugitani , Toyama 930-0194 , Japan.,Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Okayama University, Okayama, Japan.,Department of Biophysics, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China; Institute of Systems Biomedicine, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China. Electronic address: yunch@hsc.pku.edu.cn.,Department of Neuroscience, College of Veterinary Medicine, Research Institute for Veterinary Science, and BK21 PLUS Program for Creative Veterinary Science Research, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: ehur1@snu.ac.kr.,Department of Molecular Cardiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA.,Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.,Laboratory of Chromatin Structure and Function, Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan.,Laboratory of Chromatin Structure and Function, Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0032, Japan. kurumizaka@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp shunichi.sekine@riken.jp.,Department of Chemistry, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.,Computational Biochemistry, Zentrum für Medizinische Biotechnologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstr. 2, 45117, Essen, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-6059, USA.,Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRM2, Nancy, France. claude.didierjean@univ-lorraine.fr.,Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.,DISFARM, Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Sezione Chimica Generale e Organica, Università degli Studi, Milano, Italy.,Université de Lorraine, INRA, IAM, Nancy, France.,Department of Microbiology, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. suisf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn.,Max-Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, 50829 Cologne, Germany.,Biochemistry, Cellular, and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA.,Institute for Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Structural Genomics Consortium and Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Pfizer Worldwide Research & Development , 610 Main Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, United States.,Abteilung Physikalische Biochemie, Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Physiologie, Dortmund, Germany.,Instituto de Química, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil; Departamento de Áreas Acadêmicas, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia e Goiás (IFG), Luziânia, Goiás, Brazil.,Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: Vivianne.malmstrom@ki.se.,Chemical Biology, Zentrum für Medizinische Biotechnologie, Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstr. 2, 45117, Essen, Germany.,Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.,Convergence Research Center for Diagnosis, Treatment and Care System of Dementia, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, Republic of Korea.,Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, D-04103, Leipzig, Germany.,Brain Science Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul, 02792, Republic of Korea; Department of Neuroscience, Korea University of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; Department of Neuroscience, College of Veterinary Medicine, Research Institute for Veterinary Science, and BK21 PLUS Program for Creative Veterinary Science Research, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, Republic of Korea.,Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Republic of Korea.,Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Institute of, Complex Molecular Systems, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5612, AZ, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Neuroscience Drug Discovery Unit, Research , Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited , 26-1, Muraoka-Higashi 2-chome, Fujisawa , Kanagawa 251-8555 , Japan.,Université de Lorraine, LERMAB, Nancy, France.,Magnetic Resonance Center CERM , University of Florence , Via Luigi Sacconi 6 , 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence , Italy.,Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA. vprasad@bcm.edu.,Discipline of Biosciences and Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Indore 453 552, India.,Structural Genomics Consortium, Nuffield Department of Medicine, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom.,The Francis Crick Institute, London, NW1 1AT, United Kingdom.,Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.,Department of Hematology and Oncology , Kantonsspital St. Gallen , 9007 St. Gallen , Switzerland.,Department of Biochemical Sciences A.Rossi-Fanelli, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy.,Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,Department of Medical Sciences, Rheumatology, Science for Life Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.,Université de Lorraine, CNRS, CRM2, Nancy, France.,Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.,Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences , University of Toyama , 2630 Sugitani , Toyama 930-0914 , Japan.,Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.,Laboratório de Espectrometria de Massa, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia, Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil.,School of Biological Science and Technology, University of Jinan, Jinan, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protein Nef
A, C
166Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate ARV2/SF2)Mutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: nef
Find proteins for P03407 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate ARV2/SF2))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03407
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tyrosine-protein kinase HCK
B, D
61Homo sapiensMutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: HCK
EC: 2.7.10.2
Find proteins for P08631 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HCK
Go to UniProtKB:  P08631
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.205 
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 65.692α = 90.00
b = 65.692β = 90.00
c = 279.068γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
REFMACphasing
XSCALEdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2018-10-10
    Type: Data collection, Database references, Structure summary