3QPG

Crystal Structures of Escherichia coli Aspartate Aminotransferase Reconstituted with 1-Deaza-Pyridoxal 5'-Phosphate: Internal Aldimine and Stable L-Aspartate External Aldimine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures of Aspartate Aminotransferase Reconstituted with 1-Deazapyridoxal 5'-Phosphate: Internal Aldimine and Stable l-Aspartate External Aldimine.

Griswold, W.R.Fisher, A.J.Toney, M.D.

(2011) Biochemistry 50: 5918-5924

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi200436y
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 1.8 Å resolution crystal structures of Escherichia coli aspartate aminotransferase reconstituted with 1-deazapyridoxal 5'-phosphate (deazaPLP; 2-formyl-3-hydroxy-4-methylbenzyl phosphate) in the internal aldimine and L-aspartate external aldimine ...

    The 1.8 Å resolution crystal structures of Escherichia coli aspartate aminotransferase reconstituted with 1-deazapyridoxal 5'-phosphate (deazaPLP; 2-formyl-3-hydroxy-4-methylbenzyl phosphate) in the internal aldimine and L-aspartate external aldimine forms are reported. The L-aspartate·deazaPLP external aldimine is extraordinarily stable (half-life of >20 days), allowing crystals of this intermediate to be grown by cocrystallization with L-aspartate. This structure is compared to that of the α-methyl-L-aspartate·PLP external aldimine. Overlays with the corresponding pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) aldimines show very similar orientations of deazaPLP with respect to PLP. The lack of a hydrogen bond between Asp222 and deazaPLP, which serves to "anchor" PLP in the active site, releases strain in the deazaPLP internal aldimine that is enforced in the PLP internal aldimine [Hayashi, H., Mizuguchi, H., Miyahara, I., Islam, M. M., Ikushiro, H., Nakajima, Y., Hirotsu, K., and Kagamiyama, H. (2003) Biochim. Biophys. Acta1647, 103] as evidenced by the planarity of the pyridine ring and the Schiff base linkage with Lys258. Additionally, loss of this anchor causes a 10° greater tilt of deazaPLP toward the substrate in the external aldimine. An important mechanistic difference between the L-aspartate·deazaPLP and α-methyl-L-aspartate·PLP external aldimines is a hydrogen bond between Gly38 and Lys258 in the former, positioning the catalytic base above and approximately equidistant between Cα and C4'. In contrast, in the α-methyl-L-aspartate·PLP external aldimine, the ε-amino group of Lys258 is rotated ~70° to form a hydrogen bond to Tyr70 because of the steric bulk of the methyl group.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis, California 95616, United States.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Aspartate transaminase
A
396Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: aspC
EC: 2.6.1.1
Find proteins for P00509 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P00509
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
3QP
Query on 3QP

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Download CCD File 
A
(E)-N-{2-hydroxy-3-methyl-6-[(phosphonooxy)methyl]benzylidene}-L-aspartic acid
C13 H16 N O9 P
CMDDKMGWJXISQE-ZFGNZVLRSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 83.785α = 90.00
b = 154.834β = 90.00
c = 77.799γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2011-02-13 
  • Released Date: 2011-06-15 
  • Deposition Author(s): Griswold, W.R.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-20
    Type: Database references