3QG6

Structural Basis for Ligand Recognition and Discrimination of a Quorum Quenching Antibody


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Basis for Ligand Recognition and Discrimination of a Quorum-quenching Antibody.

Kirchdoerfer, R.N.Garner, A.L.Flack, C.E.Mee, J.M.Horswill, A.R.Janda, K.D.Kaufmann, G.F.Wilson, I.A.

(2011) J.Biol.Chem. 286: 17351-17358

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.231258
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In the postantibiotic era, available treatment options for severe bacterial infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus have become limited. Therefore, new and innovative approaches are needed to combat such life-threatening infe ...

    In the postantibiotic era, available treatment options for severe bacterial infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus have become limited. Therefore, new and innovative approaches are needed to combat such life-threatening infections. Virulence factor expression in S. aureus is regulated in a cell density-dependent manner using "quorum sensing," which involves generation and secretion of autoinducing peptides (AIPs) into the surrounding environment to activate a bacterial sensor kinase at a particular threshold concentration. Mouse monoclonal antibody AP4-24H11 was shown previously to blunt quorum sensing-mediated changes in gene expression in vitro and protect mice from a lethal dose of S. aureus by sequestering the AIP signal. We have elucidated the crystal structure of the AP4-24H11 Fab in complex with AIP-4 at 2.5 Å resolution to determine its mechanism of ligand recognition. A key Glu(H95) provides much of the binding specificity through formation of hydrogen bonds with each of the four amide nitrogens in the AIP-4 macrocyclic ring. Importantly, these structural data give clues as to the interactions between the cognate staphylococcal AIP receptors AgrC and the AIPs, as AP4-24H11·AIP-4 binding recapitulates features that have been proposed for AgrC-AIP recognition. Additionally, these structural insights may enable the engineering of AIP cross-reactive antibodies or quorum quenching vaccines for use in active or passive immunotherapy for prevention or treatment of S. aureus infections.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AP4-24H11 Light Chain
A, L
218N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AP4-24H11 Heavy Chain
B, H
213N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Agr autoinducing peptide
C, D
8N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, H, L
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, L
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 68.360α = 90.00
b = 98.498β = 114.03
c = 73.670γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data collection
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2018-01-24
    Type: Structure summary