3P6Z

Structural basis of thrombin mediated factor V activation: essential role of the hirudin-like sequence Glu666-Glu672 for processing at the heavy chain-B domain junction


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of thrombin-mediated factor V activation: the Glu666-Glu672 sequence is critical for processing at the heavy chain-B domain junction.

Corral-Rodriguez, M.A.Bock, P.E.Hernandez-Carvajal, E.Gutierrez-Gallego, R.Fuentes-Prior, P.

(2011) Blood 117: 7164-7173

  • DOI: 10.1182/blood-2010-10-315309
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thrombin-catalyzed activation of coagulation factor V (FV) is an essential positive feedback reaction within the blood clotting system. Efficient processing at the N- (Arg(709)-Ser(710)) and C-terminal activation cleavage sites (Arg(1545)-Ser(1546)) ...

    Thrombin-catalyzed activation of coagulation factor V (FV) is an essential positive feedback reaction within the blood clotting system. Efficient processing at the N- (Arg(709)-Ser(710)) and C-terminal activation cleavage sites (Arg(1545)-Ser(1546)) requires initial substrate interactions with 2 clusters of positively charged residues on the proteinase surface, exosites I and II. We addressed the mechanism of activation of human factor V (FV) using peptides that cover the entire acidic regions preceding these cleavage sites, FV (657-709)/ (FVa2) and FV(1481-1545)/(FVa3). FVa2 appears to interact mostly with exosite I, while both exosites are involved in interactions with the C-terminal linker. The 1.7-Å crystal structure of irreversibly inhibited thrombin bound to FVa2 unambiguously reveals docking of FV residues Glu(666)-Glu(672) to exosite I. These findings were confirmed in a second, medium-resolution structure of FVa2 bound to the benzamidine-inhibited proteinase. Our results suggest that the acidic A2-B domain linker is involved in major interactions with thrombin during cofactor activation, with its more N-terminal hirudin-like sequence playing a critical role. Modeling experiments indicate that FVa2, and likely also FVa3, wrap around thrombin in productive thrombin·FV complexes that cover a large surface of the activator to engage the active site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Biomedical Research, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin light chain
A, G
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin heavy chain
B, H
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Coagulation factor V
C, I
71Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F5
Find proteins for P12259 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F5
Go to UniProtKB:  P12259
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

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Download CCD File 
A, B, G, H
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
0G6
Query on 0G6

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Download CCD File 
B, H
D-phenylalanyl-N-[(2S,3S)-6-{[amino(iminio)methyl]amino}-1-chloro-2-hydroxyhexan-3-yl]-L-prolinamide
PPACK
C21 H34 Cl N6 O3
DVFLYEYCMMLBTQ-VSZNYVQBSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
B
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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B, H
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

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Download CCD File 
B
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000020 (0G6)
Query on PRD_000020
B,HD-Phe-Pro-Arg-CH2ClPeptide-like / Inhibitor

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.239 
  • R-Value Work: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 52.208α = 99.38
b = 62.259β = 110.46
c = 67.510γ = 92.26
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MxCuBEdata collection
MOLREPphasing
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-06-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-20
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2012-12-12
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2018-01-31
    Type: Database references