3ORZ

PDK1 mutant bound to allosteric disulfide fragment activator 2A2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9995 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Turning a protein kinase on or off from a single allosteric site via disulfide trapping.

Sadowsky, J.D.Burlingame, M.A.Wolan, D.W.McClendon, C.L.Jacobson, M.P.Wells, J.A.

(2011) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 108: 6056-6061

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1102376108
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • There is significant interest in identifying and characterizing allosteric sites in enzymes such as protein kinases both for understanding allosteric mechanisms as well as for drug discovery. Here, we apply a site-directed technology, disulfide trapp ...

    There is significant interest in identifying and characterizing allosteric sites in enzymes such as protein kinases both for understanding allosteric mechanisms as well as for drug discovery. Here, we apply a site-directed technology, disulfide trapping, to interrogate structurally and functionally how an allosteric site on the Ser/Thr kinase, 3-phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1)--the PDK1-interacting-fragment (PIF) pocket--is engaged by an activating peptide motif on downstream substrate kinases (PIFtides) and by small molecule fragments. By monitoring pairwise disulfide conjugation between PIFtide and PDK1 cysteine mutants, we defined the PIFtide binding orientation in the PIF pocket of PDK1 and assessed subtle relationships between PIFtide positioning and kinase activation. We also discovered a variety of small molecule fragment disulfides (< 300 Da) that could either activate or inhibit PDK1 by conjugation to the PIF pocket, thus displaying greater functional diversity than is displayed by PIFtides conjugated to the same sites. Biochemical data and three crystal structures provided insight into the mechanism of action of the best fragment activators and inhibitors. These studies show that disulfide trapping is useful for characterizing allosteric sites on kinases and that a single allosteric site on a protein kinase can be exploited for both activation and inhibition by small molecules.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Departments of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, 1700 Fourth Street, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1
A, B, C, D
316Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: PDPK1 (PDK1)
EC: 2.7.11.1
Find proteins for O15530 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: PDPK1
Go to UniProtKB:  O15530
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
2A2
Query on 2A2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
4-[4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazin-1-yl]-4-oxobutane-1-thiol
C14 H19 Cl N2 O S
ZRDBMFDEDKLQCF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BI4
Query on BI4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
3-(1H-INDOL-3-YL)-4-{1-[2-(1-METHYLPYRROLIDIN-2-YL)ETHYL]-1H-INDOL-3-YL}-1H-PYRROLE-2,5-DIONE
C27 H26 N4 O2
LBFDERUQORUFIN-KRWDZBQOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
SEP
Query on SEP
A, B, C, D
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9995 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.265 
  • R-Value Work: 0.218 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 243.134α = 90.00
b = 116.124β = 90.00
c = 37.702γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data scaling
CCP4phasing
CCP4model building
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance