Structural and Functional Studies of WlbA: A Dehydrogenase Involved in the Biosynthesis of 2,3-Diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-d-mannuronic Acid .Thoden, J.B., Holden, H.M.
(2010) Biochemistry 49: 7939-7948
- PubMed: 20690587
- DOI: 10.1021/bi101103s
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
2,3-Diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-d-mannuronic acid (ManNAc3NAcA) is an unusual dideoxy sugar first identified nearly 30 years ago in the lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas aeruginosa O:3a,d. It has since been observed in other organisms, including Bordetel ...
2,3-Diacetamido-2,3-dideoxy-d-mannuronic acid (ManNAc3NAcA) is an unusual dideoxy sugar first identified nearly 30 years ago in the lipopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas aeruginosa O:3a,d. It has since been observed in other organisms, including Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. Five enzymes are required for the biosynthesis of UDP-ManNAc3NAcA starting from UDP-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine. Here we describe a structural study of WlbA, the NAD-dependent dehydrogenase that catalyzes the second step in the pathway, namely, the oxidation of the C-3' hydroxyl group on the UDP-linked sugar to a keto moiety and the reduction of NAD(+) to NADH. This enzyme has been shown to use alpha-ketoglutarate as an oxidant to regenerate the oxidized dinucleotide. For this investigation, three different crystal structures were determined: the enzyme with bound NAD(H), the enzyme in a complex with NAD(H) and alpha-ketoglutarate, and the enzyme in a complex with NAD(H) and its substrate (UDP-N-acetyl-d-glucosaminuronic acid). The tetrameric enzyme assumes an unusual quaternary structure with the dinucleotides positioned quite closely to one another. Both alpha-ketoglutarate and the UDP-linked sugar bind in the WlbA active site with their carbon atoms (C-2 and C-3', respectively) abutting the re face of the cofactor. They are positioned approximately 3 A from the nicotinamide C-4. The UDP-linked sugar substrate adopts a highly unusual curved conformation when bound in the WlbA active site cleft. Lys 101 and His 185 most likely play key roles in catalysis.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.