3O99

Crystal Structure of wild-type HIV-1 Protease in complex with kd13


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Substrate envelope-designed potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors to avoid drug resistance.

Nalam, M.N.Ali, A.Reddy, G.S.Cao, H.Anjum, S.G.Altman, M.D.Yilmaz, N.K.Tidor, B.Rana, T.M.Schiffer, C.A.

(2013) Chem.Biol. 20: 1116-1124

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2013.07.014
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The rapid evolution of HIV under selective drug pressure has led to multidrug resistant (MDR) strains that evade standard therapies. We designed highly potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) using the substrate envelope model, which confines inhibito ...

    The rapid evolution of HIV under selective drug pressure has led to multidrug resistant (MDR) strains that evade standard therapies. We designed highly potent HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs) using the substrate envelope model, which confines inhibitors within the consensus volume of natural substrates, providing inhibitors less susceptible to resistance because a mutation affecting such inhibitors will simultaneously affect viral substrate processing. The designed PIs share a common chemical scaffold but utilize various moieties that optimally fill the substrate envelope, as confirmed by crystal structures. The designed PIs retain robust binding to MDR protease variants and display exceptional antiviral potencies against different clades of HIV as well as a panel of 12 drug-resistant viral strains. The substrate envelope model proves to be a powerful strategy to develop potent and robust inhibitors that avoid drug resistance.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Pol polyprotein
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: pol
Find proteins for Q90K99 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q90K99
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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Download CCD File 
B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
K13
Query on K13

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Download CCD File 
A
(3R,3aS,6aR)-hexahydrofuro[2,3-b]furan-3-yl [(1S,2R)-3-{[(4-aminophenyl)sulfonyl][(2S)-2-methylbutyl]amino}-1-benzyl-2-hydroxypropyl]carbamate
C28 H39 N3 O7 S
NKLRQHQHYBFPSD-DRMLODCJSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
K13Ki: 0 - 0 nM (84) BINDINGDB
K13Ki: 0.015 nM PDBBIND
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.774α = 90.00
b = 57.885β = 90.00
c = 61.752γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-08-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-11-27
    Type: Database references