3NTE

Crystal Structure of the Wild-type Full-Length HIV-1 Capsid Protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the HIV-1 full-length capsid protein in a conformationally trapped unassembled state induced by small-molecule binding.

Du, S.Betts, L.Yang, R.Shi, H.Concel, J.Ahn, J.Aiken, C.Zhang, P.Yeh, J.I.

(2011) J Mol Biol 406: 371-386

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.11.027
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The capsid (CA) protein plays crucial roles in HIV infection and replication, essential to viral maturation. The absence of high-resolution structural data on unassembled CA hinders the development of antivirals effective in inhibiting assembly. Unlike enzymes that have targetable, functional substrate-binding sites, the CA does not have a known site that affects catalytic or other innate activity, which can be more readily targeted in drug development efforts ...

    The capsid (CA) protein plays crucial roles in HIV infection and replication, essential to viral maturation. The absence of high-resolution structural data on unassembled CA hinders the development of antivirals effective in inhibiting assembly. Unlike enzymes that have targetable, functional substrate-binding sites, the CA does not have a known site that affects catalytic or other innate activity, which can be more readily targeted in drug development efforts. We report the crystal structure of the HIV-1 CA, revealing the domain organization in the context of the wild-type full-length (FL) unassembled CA. The FL CA adopts an antiparallel dimer configuration, exhibiting a domain organization sterically incompatible with capsid assembly. A small compound, generated in situ during crystallization, is bound tightly at a hinge site ("H site"), indicating that binding at this interdomain region stabilizes the ADP conformation. Electron microscopy studies on nascent crystals reveal both dimeric and hexameric lattices coexisting within a single condition, in agreement with the interconvertibility of oligomeric forms and supporting the feasibility of promoting assembly-incompetent dimeric states. Solution characterization in the presence of the H-site ligand shows predominantly unassembled dimeric CA, even under conditions that promote assembly. Our structure elucidation of the HIV-1 FL CA and characterization of a potential allosteric binding site provides three-dimensional views of an assembly-defective conformation, a state targeted in, and thus directly relevant to, inhibitor development. Based on our findings, we propose an unprecedented means of preventing CA assembly, by "conformationally trapping" CA in assembly-incompetent conformational states induced by H-site binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh Medical School, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 capsid proteinA, B221Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CAgag
Find proteins for Q77YG1 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Explore Q77YG1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q77YG1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
I3M
Query on I3M

Download CCD File 
A, B
Tri-iodode Anion
I3
WRTMQOHKMFDUKX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IOD
Query on IOD

Download CCD File 
A, B
IODIDE ION
I
XMBWDFGMSWQBCA-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
FE
Query on FE

Download CCD File 
A, B
FE (III) ION
Fe
VTLYFUHAOXGGBS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.204 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.206 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.91α = 90
b = 86.532β = 99.73
c = 55.589γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
DENZOdata reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2010-07-03 
  • Released Date: 2010-12-01 
  • Deposition Author(s): Betts, L., Yeh, J.I.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-12-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2014-07-02
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-08
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description