3LSF

Piracetam bound to the ligand binding domain of GluA2


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Piracetam Defines a New Binding Site for Allosteric Modulators of alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic Acid (AMPA) Receptors.

Ahmed, A.H.Oswald, R.E.

(2010) J Med Chem 53: 2197-2203

  • DOI: 10.1021/jm901905j
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Glutamate receptors are the most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the vertebrate central nervous system and are important potential drug targets for cognitive enhancement and the treatment of schizophrenia. Allosteric modulators of ...

    Glutamate receptors are the most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the vertebrate central nervous system and are important potential drug targets for cognitive enhancement and the treatment of schizophrenia. Allosteric modulators of AMPA receptors promote dimerization by binding to a dimer interface and reducing desensitization and deactivation. The pyrrolidine allosteric modulators, piracetam and aniracetam, were among the first of this class of drugs to be discovered. We have determined the structure of the ligand binding domain of the AMPA receptor subtypes GluA2 and GluA3 with piracetam and a corresponding structure of GluA3 with aniracetam. Both drugs bind to GluA2 and GluA3 in a very similar manner, suggesting little subunit specificity. However, the binding sites for piracetam and aniracetam differ considerably. Aniracetam binds to a symmetrical site at the center of the dimer interface. Piracetam binds to multiple sites along the dimer interface with low occupation, one of which is a unique binding site for potential allosteric modulators. This new site may be of importance in the design of new allosteric regulators.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Glutamate receptor 2
B, E, H
258Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Gria2Glur2
Find proteins for P19491 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P19491
Protein Feature View
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GLU
Query on GLU

Download CCD File 
B, E, H
GLUTAMIC ACID
C5 H9 N O4
WHUUTDBJXJRKMK-VKHMYHEASA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PZI
Query on PZI

Download CCD File 
B, E, H
2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)acetamide
C6 H10 N2 O2
GMZVRMREEHBGGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
E, H
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.196 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 2 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 47.275α = 90
b = 114.023β = 90
c = 163.779γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-03-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-02
    Changes: Source and taxonomy