3KO0

Structure of the tfp-ca2+-bound activated form of the s100a4 Metastasis factor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Phenothiazines inhibit S100A4 function by inducing protein oligomerization.

Malashkevich, V.N.Dulyaninova, N.G.Ramagopal, U.A.Liriano, M.A.Varney, K.M.Knight, D.Brenowitz, M.Weber, D.J.Almo, S.C.Bresnick, A.R.

(2010) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 107: 8605-8610

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0913660107

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • S100A4, a member of the S100 family of Ca(2+)-binding proteins, regulates carcinoma cell motility via interactions with myosin-IIA. Numerous studies indicate that S100A4 is not simply a marker for metastatic disease, but rather has a direct role in m ...

    S100A4, a member of the S100 family of Ca(2+)-binding proteins, regulates carcinoma cell motility via interactions with myosin-IIA. Numerous studies indicate that S100A4 is not simply a marker for metastatic disease, but rather has a direct role in metastatic progression. These observations suggest that S100A4 is an excellent target for therapeutic intervention. Using a unique biosensor-based assay, trifluoperazine (TFP) was identified as an inhibitor that disrupts the S100A4/myosin-IIA interaction. To examine the interaction of S100A4 with TFP, we determined the 2.3 A crystal structure of human Ca(2+)-S100A4 bound to TFP. Two TFP molecules bind within the hydrophobic target binding pocket of Ca(2+)-S100A4 with no significant conformational changes observed in the protein upon complex formation. NMR chemical shift perturbations are consistent with the crystal structure and demonstrate that TFP binds to the target binding cleft of S100A4 in solution. Remarkably, TFP binding results in the assembly of five Ca(2+)-S100A4/TFP dimers into a tightly packed pentameric ring. Within each pentamer most of the contacts between S100A4 dimers occurs through the TFP moieties. The Ca(2+)-S100A4/prochlorperazine (PCP) complex exhibits a similar pentameric assembly. Equilibrium sedimentation and cross-linking studies demonstrate the cooperative formation of a similarly sized S100A4/TFP oligomer in solution. Assays examining the ability of TFP to block S100A4-mediated disassembly of myosin-IIA filaments demonstrate that significant inhibition of S100A4 function occurs only at TFP concentrations that promote S100A4 oligomerization. Together these studies support a unique mode of inhibition in which phenothiazines disrupt the S100A4/myosin-IIA interaction by sequestering S100A4 via small molecule-induced oligomerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protein S100-A4
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T
101Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: S100A4 (CAPL, MTS1)
Find proteins for P26447 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: S100A4
Go to UniProtKB:  P26447
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TFP
Query on TFP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T
10-[3-(4-METHYL-PIPERAZIN-1-YL)-PROPYL]-2-TRIFLUOROMETHYL-10H-PHENOTHIAZINE
C21 H24 F3 N3 S
ZEWQUBUPAILYHI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.259 
  • R-Value Work: 0.206 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 108.794α = 90.00
b = 102.492β = 92.59
c = 116.629γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-05-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description