Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase His286 plays a dual role in NADP(H) binding and catalysisCrobu, D., Canevari, G., Milani, M., Pandini, V., Vanoni, M.A., Bolognesi, M., Zanetti, G., Aliverti, A.
(2009) Biochemistry 48: 9525-9533
- PubMed: 19736991
- DOI: 10.1021/bi9013209
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The NADP-binding site of Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase contains two basic residues, His286 and Lys249, conserved within the Plasmodium genus, but not in other plant-type homologues. Previous crystal studies indicated that His286 ...
The NADP-binding site of Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase contains two basic residues, His286 and Lys249, conserved within the Plasmodium genus, but not in other plant-type homologues. Previous crystal studies indicated that His286 interacts with the adenine ring and with the 5'-phosphate of 2'-P-AMP, a ligand that mimics the adenylate moiety of NADP(H). Here we show that replacement of His286 with aliphatic residues results both in a decrease in the affinity of the enzyme for NADPH and in a decrease in k(cat), due to a lowered hydride-transfer rate. Unexpectedly, the mutation to Gln produces an enzyme more active than the wild-type one, whereas the change to Lys destabilizes the nicotinamide-isoalloxazine interaction, decreasing k(cat). On the basis of the crystal structure of selected mutants complexed with 2'-P-AMP, we conclude that the His286 side chain plays a dual role in catalysis both by providing binding energy for NADPH and by favoring the catalytically competent orientation of its nicotinamide ring. For the latter function, the H-bonding potential rather than the positively charged state of the His286 imidazole seems sufficient. Furthermore, we show that the Lys249Ala mutation decreases K(m)(NADPH) and K(d) for NADP(+) or 2'-P-AMP by a factor of 10. We propose that the Lys249 side chain participates in substrate recognition by interacting with the 2'-phosphate of NADP(H) and that this interaction was not observed in the crystal form of the enzyme-2'-P-AMP complex due to a conformational perturbation of the substrate-binding loop induced by dimerization.
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari e Biotecnologie, Universita degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 26, 20133 Milano, Italy.