3JQP

Crystal structure of the H286L mutant of Ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase from Plasmodium falciparum with 2'P-AMP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.317 
  • R-Value Work: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase His286 plays a dual role in NADP(H) binding and catalysis

Crobu, D.Canevari, G.Milani, M.Pandini, V.Vanoni, M.A.Bolognesi, M.Zanetti, G.Aliverti, A.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 9525-9533

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi9013209
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The NADP-binding site of Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase contains two basic residues, His286 and Lys249, conserved within the Plasmodium genus, but not in other plant-type homologues. Previous crystal studies indicated that His286 ...

    The NADP-binding site of Plasmodium falciparum ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductase contains two basic residues, His286 and Lys249, conserved within the Plasmodium genus, but not in other plant-type homologues. Previous crystal studies indicated that His286 interacts with the adenine ring and with the 5'-phosphate of 2'-P-AMP, a ligand that mimics the adenylate moiety of NADP(H). Here we show that replacement of His286 with aliphatic residues results both in a decrease in the affinity of the enzyme for NADPH and in a decrease in k(cat), due to a lowered hydride-transfer rate. Unexpectedly, the mutation to Gln produces an enzyme more active than the wild-type one, whereas the change to Lys destabilizes the nicotinamide-isoalloxazine interaction, decreasing k(cat). On the basis of the crystal structure of selected mutants complexed with 2'-P-AMP, we conclude that the His286 side chain plays a dual role in catalysis both by providing binding energy for NADPH and by favoring the catalytically competent orientation of its nicotinamide ring. For the latter function, the H-bonding potential rather than the positively charged state of the His286 imidazole seems sufficient. Furthermore, we show that the Lys249Ala mutation decreases K(m)(NADPH) and K(d) for NADP(+) or 2'-P-AMP by a factor of 10. We propose that the Lys249 side chain participates in substrate recognition by interacting with the 2'-phosphate of NADP(H) and that this interaction was not observed in the crystal form of the enzyme-2'-P-AMP complex due to a conformational perturbation of the substrate-binding loop induced by dimerization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dipartimento di Scienze Biomolecolari e Biotecnologie, Universita degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 26, 20133 Milano, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Ferredoxin NADP reductase
A, B, C, D, E, F
316Plasmodium falciparum (isolate 3D7)Mutation(s): 1 
EC: 1.18.1.2
Find proteins for C6KT68 (Plasmodium falciparum (isolate 3D7))
Go to UniProtKB:  C6KT68
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
A2P
Query on A2P

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
ADENOSINE-2'-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
AEOBEOJCBAYXBA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.317 
  • R-Value Work: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 31
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 122.570α = 90.00
b = 122.570β = 90.00
c = 133.744γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-01-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance