Structural basis of substrate binding to UDP-galactopyranose mutase: crystal structures in the reduced and oxidized state complexed with UDP-galactopyranose and UDP.Partha, S.K., van Straaten, K.E., Sanders, D.A.
(2009) J.Mol.Biol. 394: 864-877
- PubMed: 19836401
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.10.013
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
D-Galactofuranose (Galf) residues are found in the cell walls of pathogenic microbes such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and are essential for viability. UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) is a unique flavo-enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversi ...
D-Galactofuranose (Galf) residues are found in the cell walls of pathogenic microbes such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and are essential for viability. UDP-galactopyranose mutase (UGM) is a unique flavo-enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversion of UDP-galactopyranose (UDP-Galp) and UDP-galactofuranose (UDP-Galf). UDP-Galf is the active precursor of Galf residues found in cell walls. Despite the wealth of biochemical/mechanistic data generated for UGM, the structural basis of substrate binding is still lacking. Here, we report the crystal structures of UGM from Deinococcus radiodurans (drUGM) in complex with its natural substrate (UDP-Galp) and UDP. Crystal structures of drUGM:UDP-Galp complexes with oxidized and reduced FAD were determined at 2.36 A and 2.50 A resolution, respectively. The substrate is buried in the active site in an unusual folded conformation and the anomeric carbon of the galactose is at a favorable distance (2.8 A) from N5 of FAD to form an FAD-galactose adduct. The mobile loops in the substrate complex structure exist in a closed conformation. The drUGM-UDP complex structure was determined at 2.55 A resolution and its overall structure is identical with that of the oxidized and reduced complexes, including the conformation of the mobile loops. Comparison with the recently reported UGM:UDP-glucose complex structure reveals key differences and the structures reported here are likely to represent the productive/active conformation of UGM. These structures provide valuable insights into substrate recognition and a basis for understanding the mechanism. These complex structures may serve as a platform for structure-guided design of inhibitors of UGM.
Department of Chemistry, 110 Science Place, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada S7N 5C9.