3HD4

MHV Nucleocapsid Protein NTD


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Coronavirus N Protein N-Terminal Domain (NTD) Specifically Binds the Transcriptional Regulatory Sequence (TRS) and Melts TRS-cTRS RNA Duplexes.

Grossoehme, N.E.Li, L.Keane, S.C.Liu, P.Dann III, C.E.Leibowitz, J.L.Giedroc, D.P.

(2009) J Mol Biol 394: 544-557

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.09.040
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HD4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • All coronaviruses (CoVs), including the causative agent of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), encode a nucleocapsid (N) protein that harbors two independent RNA binding domains of known structure, but poorly characterized RNA binding properties. We show here that the N-terminal domain (NTD) of N protein from mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), a virus most closely related to SARS-CoV, employs aromatic amino acid-nucleobase stacking interactions with a triple adenosine motif to mediate high-affinity binding to single-stranded RNAs containing the transcriptional regulatory sequence (TRS) or its complement (cTRS) ...

    All coronaviruses (CoVs), including the causative agent of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), encode a nucleocapsid (N) protein that harbors two independent RNA binding domains of known structure, but poorly characterized RNA binding properties. We show here that the N-terminal domain (NTD) of N protein from mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), a virus most closely related to SARS-CoV, employs aromatic amino acid-nucleobase stacking interactions with a triple adenosine motif to mediate high-affinity binding to single-stranded RNAs containing the transcriptional regulatory sequence (TRS) or its complement (cTRS). Stoichiometric NTD fully unwinds a TRS-cTRS duplex that mimics a transiently formed transcription intermediate in viral subgenomic RNA synthesis. Mutation of the solvent-exposed Y127, positioned on the beta-platform surface of our 1.75 A structure, binds the TRS far less tightly and is severely crippled in its RNA unwinding activity. In contrast, the C-terminal domain (CTD) exhibits no RNA unwinding activity. Viruses harboring Y127A N mutation are strongly selected against and Y127A N does not support an accessory function in MHV replication. We propose that the helix melting activity of the coronavirus N protein NTD plays a critical accessory role in subgenomic RNA synthesis and other processes requiring RNA remodeling.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405-7102, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
NucleoproteinA139Murine hepatitis virus strain A59Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: N7a
UniProt
Find proteins for P03416 (Murine coronavirus (strain A59))
Explore P03416 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03416
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.185 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 34.16α = 90
b = 46.864β = 90
c = 71.706γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-11-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance