3GVQ

UROD single-chain dimer


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Substrate shuttling between active sites of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase is not required to generate coproporphyrinogen.

Phillips, J.D.Warby, C.A.Whitby, F.G.Kushner, J.P.Hill, C.P.

(2009) J Mol Biol 389: 306-314

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2009.04.013
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3GVR, 3GVV, 3GVW, 3GVQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (URO-D; EC 4.1.1.37), the fifth enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway, is required for the production of heme, vitamin B12, siroheme, and chlorophyll precursors. URO-D catalyzes the sequential decarboxylation of four acetate side chains in the pyrrole groups of uroporphyrinogen to produce coproporphyrinogen ...

    Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase (URO-D; EC 4.1.1.37), the fifth enzyme of the heme biosynthetic pathway, is required for the production of heme, vitamin B12, siroheme, and chlorophyll precursors. URO-D catalyzes the sequential decarboxylation of four acetate side chains in the pyrrole groups of uroporphyrinogen to produce coproporphyrinogen. URO-D is a stable homodimer, with the active-site clefts of the two subunits adjacent to each other. It has been hypothesized that the two catalytic centers interact functionally, perhaps by shuttling of reaction intermediates between subunits. We tested this hypothesis by construction of a single-chain protein (single-chain URO-D) in which the two subunits were connected by a flexible linker. The crystal structure of this protein was shown to be superimposable with wild-type activity and to have comparable catalytic activity. Mutations that impaired one or the other of the two active sites of single-chain URO-D resulted in approximately half of wild-type activity. The distributions of reaction intermediates were the same for mutant and wild-type sequences and were unaltered in a competition experiment using I and III isomer substrates. These observations indicate that communication between active sites is not required for enzyme function and suggest that the dimeric structure of URO-D is required to achieve conformational stability and to create a large active-site cleft.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, 5C330 SOM, 30 North 1900 East, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. john.phillips@hsc.utah.edu



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylaseA367Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: UROD
EC: 4.1.1.37
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P06132 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06132 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06132
PHAROS:  P06132
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 103.145α = 90
b = 103.145β = 90
c = 71.287γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description