3GIV

Antigen processing influences HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte immunodominance


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Antigen processing influences HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte immunodominance

Tenzer, S.Wee, E.Burgevin, A.Stewart-Jones, G.Friis, L.Lamberth, K.Chang, C.-H.Harndahl, M.Weimershaus, M.Gerstoft, J.Akkad, N.Klenerman, P.Fugger, L.Jones, E.Y.McMichael, A.J.Buus, S.Schild, H.van Endert, P.Iversen, A.K.N.

(2009) Nat.Immunol. 10: 636-646

  • DOI: 10.1038/ni.1728

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Although cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 can potentially target multiple virus epitopes, the same few are recognized repeatedly. We show here that CTL immunodominance in regions of the human ...

    Although cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 can potentially target multiple virus epitopes, the same few are recognized repeatedly. We show here that CTL immunodominance in regions of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group-associated antigen proteins p17 and p24 correlated with epitope abundance, which was strongly influenced by proteasomal digestion profiles, affinity for the transporter protein TAP, and trimming mediated by the endoplasmatic reticulum aminopeptidase ERAAP, and was moderately influenced by HLA affinity. Structural and functional analyses demonstrated that proteasomal cleavage 'preferences' modulated the number and length of epitope-containing peptides, thereby affecting the response avidity and clonality of T cells. Cleavage patterns were affected by both flanking and intraepitope CTL-escape mutations. Our analyses show that antigen processing shapes CTL response hierarchies and that viral evolution modifies cleavage patterns and suggest strategies for in vitro vaccine optimization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Immunology, University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-2 alpha chain
A, D
275Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-A (HLAA)
Find proteins for P01892 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HLA-A
Go to UniProtKB:  P01892
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
B, E
100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2M
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: B2M
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 peptide
C, F
10Human immunodeficiency virus 1Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: gag
Find proteins for Q9YYH6 (Human immunodeficiency virus 1)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9YYH6
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.238 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.581α = 90.00
b = 88.185β = 90.04
c = 63.864γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-06-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance