3GEQ

Structural basis for the chemical rescue of Src kinase activity


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Comparative analysis of mutant tyrosine kinase chemical rescue.

Muratore, K.E.Seeliger, M.A.Wang, Z.Fomina, D.Neiswinger, J.Havranek, J.J.Baker, D.Kuriyan, J.Cole, P.A.

(2009) Biochemistry 48: 3378-3386

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi900057g

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Protein tyrosine kinases are critical cell signaling enzymes. These enzymes have a highly conserved Arg residue in their catalytic loop which is present two residues or four residues downstream from an absolutely conserved Asp catalytic base. Prior s ...

    Protein tyrosine kinases are critical cell signaling enzymes. These enzymes have a highly conserved Arg residue in their catalytic loop which is present two residues or four residues downstream from an absolutely conserved Asp catalytic base. Prior studies on protein tyrosine kinases Csk and Src revealed the potential for chemical rescue of catalytically deficient mutant kinases (Arg to Ala mutations) by small diamino compounds, particularly imidazole; however, the potency and efficiency of rescue was greater for Src. This current study further examines the structural and kinetic basis of rescue for mutant Src as compared to mutant Abl tyrosine kinase. An X-ray crystal structure of R388A Src revealed the surprising finding that a histidine residue of the N-terminus of a symmetry-related kinase inserts into the active site of the adjacent Src and mimics the hydrogen-bonding pattern seen in wild-type protein tyrosine kinases. Abl R367A shows potent and efficient rescue more comparable to Src, even though its catalytic loop is more like that of Csk. Various enzyme redesigns of the active sites indicate that the degree and specificity of rescue are somewhat flexible, but the overall properties of the enzymes and rescue agents play an overarching role. The newly discovered rescue agent 2-aminoimidazole is about as efficient as imidazole in rescuing R/A Src and Abl. Rate vs pH studies with these imidazole analogues suggest that the protonated imidazolium is the preferred form for chemical rescue, consistent with structural models. The efficient rescue seen with mutant Abl points to the potential of this approach to be used effectively to analyze Abl phosphorylation pathways in cells.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src
A, B
286Gallus gallusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SRC
EC: 2.7.10.2
Find proteins for P00523 (Gallus gallus)
Go to Gene View: SRC
Go to UniProtKB:  P00523
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PP2
Query on PP2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
1-TERT-BUTYL-3-(4-CHLORO-PHENYL)-1H-PYRAZOLO[3,4-D]PYRIMIDIN-4-YLAMINE
C15 H17 Cl N5
PBBRWFOVCUAONR-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.273 
  • R-Value Work: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 59.649α = 90.00
b = 63.462β = 91.45
c = 83.860γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
PHASESphasing
HKL-2000data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance