3G8C

Crystal Structure of Biotin Carboxylase in Complex with Biotin, Bicarbonate, ADP and Mg Ion


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of biotin carboxylase in complex with substrates and implications for its catalytic mechanism.

Chou, C.Y.Yu, L.P.Tong, L.

(2009) J.Biol.Chem. 284: 11690-11697

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M805783200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Biotin-dependent carboxylases are widely distributed in nature and have important functions in many cellular processes. These enzymes share a conserved biotin carboxylase (BC) component, which catalyzes the ATP-dependent carboxylation of biotin using ...

    Biotin-dependent carboxylases are widely distributed in nature and have important functions in many cellular processes. These enzymes share a conserved biotin carboxylase (BC) component, which catalyzes the ATP-dependent carboxylation of biotin using bicarbonate as the donor. Despite the availability of a large amount of biochemical and structural information on BC, the molecular basis for its catalysis is currently still poorly understood. We report here the crystal structure at 2.0 A resolution of wild-type Escherichia coli BC in complex with its substrates biotin, bicarbonate, and Mg-ADP. The structure suggests that Glu(296) is the general base that extracts the proton from bicarbonate, and Arg(338) is the residue that stabilizes the enolate biotin intermediate in the carboxylation reaction. The B domain of BC is positioned closer to the active site, leading to a 2-A shift in the bound position of the adenine nucleotide and bringing it near the bicarbonate for catalysis. One of the oxygen atoms of bicarbonate is located in the correct position to initiate the nucleophilic attack on ATP to form the carboxyphosphate intermediate. This oxygen is also located close to the N1' atom of biotin, providing strong evidence that the phosphate group, derived from decomposition of carboxyphosphate, is the general base that extracts the proton on this N1' atom. The structural observations are supported by mutagenesis and kinetic studies. Overall, this first structure of BC in complex with substrates offers unprecedented insights into the molecular mechanism for the catalysis by this family of enzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Biotin carboxylase
A, B
444Escherichia coli (strain K12)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: accC (fabG)
EC: 6.3.4.14
Find proteins for P24182 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P24182
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BCT
Query on BCT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
BICARBONATE ION
C H O3
BVKZGUZCCUSVTD-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BTN
Query on BTN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
BIOTIN
C10 H16 N2 O3 S
YBJHBAHKTGYVGT-ZKWXMUAHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.216 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 83.317α = 90.00
b = 106.166β = 90.00
c = 121.486γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DENZOdata reduction
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-03-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-02-01
    Type: Structure summary
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-01
    Type: Refinement description