3EL4

Crystal structure of inhibitor saquinavir (SQV) complexed with the multidrug HIV-1 protease variant L63P/V82T/I84V


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Extreme Entropy-Enthalpy Compensation in a Drug-Resistant Variant of HIV-1 Protease.

King, N.M.Prabu-Jeyabalan, M.Bandaranayake, R.M.Nalam, M.N.Nalivaika, E.A.Ozen, A.Yilmaz, N.K.Schiffer, C.A.

(2012) Acs Chem.Biol. 7: 1536-1546

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb300191k
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The development of HIV-1 protease inhibitors has been the historic paradigm of rational structure-based drug design, where structural and thermodynamic analyses have assisted in the discovery of novel inhibitors. While the total enthalpy and entropy ...

    The development of HIV-1 protease inhibitors has been the historic paradigm of rational structure-based drug design, where structural and thermodynamic analyses have assisted in the discovery of novel inhibitors. While the total enthalpy and entropy change upon binding determine the affinity, often the thermodynamics are considered in terms of inhibitor properties only. In the current study, profound changes are observed in the binding thermodynamics of a drug-resistant variant compared to wild-type HIV-1 protease, irrespective of the inhibitor bound. This variant (Flap+) has a combination of flap and active site mutations and exhibits extremely large entropy-enthalpy compensation compared to wild-type protease, 5-15 kcal/mol, while losing only 1-3 kcal/mol in total binding free energy for any of six FDA-approved inhibitors. Although entropy-enthalpy compensation has been previously observed for a variety of systems, never have changes of this magnitude been reported. The co-crystal structures of Flap+ protease with four of the inhibitors were determined and compared with complexes of both the wild-type protease and another drug-resistant variant that does not exhibit this energetic compensation. Structural changes conserved across the Flap+ complexes, which are more pronounced for the flaps covering the active site, likely contribute to the thermodynamic compensation. The finding that drug-resistant mutations can profoundly modulate the relative thermodynamic properties of a therapeutic target independent of the inhibitor presents a new challenge for rational drug design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Protease
A, B
99Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate ARV2/SF2)Mutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: gag-pol
Find proteins for P03369 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate ARV2/SF2))
Go to UniProtKB:  P03369
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
ROC
Query on ROC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(2S)-N-[(2S,3R)-4-[(2S,3S,4aS,8aS)-3-(tert-butylcarbamoyl)-3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl]-3-hydroxy-1-phenyl-butan-2-yl]-2-(quinolin-2-ylcarbonylamino)butanediamide
Fortovase; SAQUINAVIR,RO 31-8959
C38 H50 N6 O5
QWAXKHKRTORLEM-UGJKXSETSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000454 (ROC)
Query on PRD_000454
ASaquinavirPeptide-like / Inhibitor

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 51.253α = 90.00
b = 59.322β = 90.00
c = 62.106γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-07-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2012-10-17
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2013-02-27
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.5: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description