3EKQ

Crystal structure of inhibitor saquinavir (SQV) in complex with multi-drug resistant HIV-1 protease (L63P/V82T/I84V) (referred to as ACT in paper)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.5 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Extreme Entropy-Enthalpy Compensation in a Drug-Resistant Variant of HIV-1 Protease.

King, N.M.Prabu-Jeyabalan, M.Bandaranayake, R.M.Nalam, M.N.Nalivaika, E.A.Ozen, A.Yilmaz, N.K.Schiffer, C.A.

(2012) ACS Chem Biol 7: 1536-1546

  • DOI: 10.1021/cb300191k
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The development of HIV-1 protease inhibitors has been the historic paradigm of rational structure-based drug design, where structural and thermodynamic analyses have assisted in the discovery of novel inhibitors. While the total enthalpy and entropy ...

    The development of HIV-1 protease inhibitors has been the historic paradigm of rational structure-based drug design, where structural and thermodynamic analyses have assisted in the discovery of novel inhibitors. While the total enthalpy and entropy change upon binding determine the affinity, often the thermodynamics are considered in terms of inhibitor properties only. In the current study, profound changes are observed in the binding thermodynamics of a drug-resistant variant compared to wild-type HIV-1 protease, irrespective of the inhibitor bound. This variant (Flap+) has a combination of flap and active site mutations and exhibits extremely large entropy-enthalpy compensation compared to wild-type protease, 5-15 kcal/mol, while losing only 1-3 kcal/mol in total binding free energy for any of six FDA-approved inhibitors. Although entropy-enthalpy compensation has been previously observed for a variety of systems, never have changes of this magnitude been reported. The co-crystal structures of Flap+ protease with four of the inhibitors were determined and compared with complexes of both the wild-type protease and another drug-resistant variant that does not exhibit this energetic compensation. Structural changes conserved across the Flap+ complexes, which are more pronounced for the flaps covering the active site, likely contribute to the thermodynamic compensation. The finding that drug-resistant mutations can profoundly modulate the relative thermodynamic properties of a therapeutic target independent of the inhibitor presents a new challenge for rational drug design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 364 Plantation Street, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ProteaseA, B99HIV-1 M:B_ARV2/SF2Mutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.49 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03369 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate ARV2/SF2))
Explore P03369 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03369
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ROC
Query on ROC

Download CCD File 
A
(2S)-N-[(2S,3R)-4-[(2S,3S,4aS,8aS)-3-(tert-butylcarbamoyl)-3,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1H-isoquinolin-2-yl]-3-hydroxy-1 -phenyl-butan-2-yl]-2-(quinolin-2-ylcarbonylamino)butanediamide
C38 H50 N6 O5
QWAXKHKRTORLEM-UGJKXSETSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

Download CCD File 
A, B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000454 (ROC)
Query on PRD_000454
ASaquinavirP /  Inhibitor

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External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
ROCIC50:  0.4000000059604645   nM  BindingDB
ROCKd:  176   nM  Binding MOAD
ROCKd :  176   nM  PDBBind
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.164α = 90
b = 59.291β = 90
c = 61.389γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Refinement description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2012-07-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2012-10-17
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2013-02-27
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.5: 2017-10-25
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description